Recitation Quiz 2 - Age of Exploration(2/2 Late feudalism...

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Age of Exploration (2/2) Late feudalism is different Landowning nobles and merchants in growing cities, same level in society Trade beyond Europe all the way to China, but the longer the route, the more dangerous and expensive. Many middlemen*. Expensively dangerous post- 1400AD – Ottoman Empire grows up between West and East. (Medieval trade routes maps) Items: porcelain, silk, pepper, cloves, nutmegs, sandalwood, sugar, cotton cloth, brass goods, opium. *Real wealth in sugar. Long, extensive trade between East Africa and Southeast Asia. Weather was a major problem (i.e. Monsoon season November – April). Merchants that traveled along these trade routes created a central storage area, Malacca*, to wait out monsoons About 1400AD comes Portugal. Spain then was separate kingdoms. Portugal was in need of expanding its economic space – the son of the current Spanish King, Prince Henry, is interested in trade and exploration. At first Portugal was interested in the South; beyond the Sahara gold, ivory, slaves, etc. Very long trip, took 3 months. Portuguese thought: Can we circumvent the Sahara and the middlemen by sailing around them? It took many years to prove, and then they sailed farther South for almost a century. *To help them Portuguese had a series of useful tools; 1) a new ship, the caravel* and its larger version the carrack. Hybrid = Northern European cog (round-bellied merchant) and Mediterranean galley (lateen sails). Caravel =
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  • Spring '08
  • Barry
  • Louis XIV of France, Louis XIII of France, Cardinal Richelieu, great nobles, medieval trade routes

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