Socrates wisdom

Socrates wisdom - John Stanton Socrates: Complex Wisdom...

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John Stanton Socrates: Complex Wisdom Socrates was a man who stood strongly behind his beliefs. He spent his life going from place to place to question people on their beliefs. The reason Socrates did this was because the Oracle at Delphi told Chairephon that no one was wiser than Socrates (Apology, 21a ). This left Socrates wondering for answers and the only way to find them was to seek out a wiser man than himself (Apology, 21b-e ). Socrates went out and questioned men who were considered wise and realized that the Oracle was right; he was the wisest man because he did not claim to know what he did not. But was the Oracle right? Because Socrates did not claim to know what he did not, does this make him the wisest man? To determine this, one must know what wisdom really is. There are many different descriptions of wisdom and many different characteristics needed to be a wise person. To the common person, wisdom is just having the knowledge of what is right and true, or what some call “common sense.” To a philosopher, wisdom is knowing the significant ideas which make something right and true. However, to be wise one must not just know these ideas, but one must also do what is wise. To do what is wise you must have knowledge about whatever it is that one is doing. Since one only knows what he has done or seen, the structure of knowledge is the experience of one using their senses. Knowledge, therefore, comes about through communication, Socrates’ ultimate reality. Although many people think that wisdom is knowledge, they are mistaken. Knowledge is needed to have wisdom, but wisdom is not needed to have knowledge. Wisdom is also different from knowledge because wisdom is
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not something that is learned, but rather something that is given to one by God. Knowledge is knowing something from experience, whereas wisdom is knowing about the knowledge that one has already obtained by communicating. Since wisdom depends on knowledge, wisdom must apply to the different types of knowledge. The two different types of knowledge are practical knowledge, which is knowledge that is obtained by reasoning, and speculative knowledge, which is knowledge that is learned by experimentation. For example, if there is a pot of boiling water, practical knowledge would be the knowledge to not put your hand in the pot. On the
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Socrates wisdom - John Stanton Socrates: Complex Wisdom...

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