Art History-9-12-07-egyptart

Art History-9-12-07-egyptart - Art History 9/12/07 ARTH 251...

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Art History 9/12/07 ARTH 251 Egyptian Sculpture and Painting 10- 12 September 2007 I. Introduction – development of pictorial representation and writing in hieroglyphs II. Early Dynastic Period – Unification of Lower and Upper Egypt A. Djoser, ca. 2600 BCE B. Narmer (Menes), Palette of Narmer, ca. 2800 BCE a. hieroglyph: horizontal fish = nar + vertical chisel = mer b. commemorates first unification of the two Egypts 1. hieratic and absolute a. twisted perspective 2. symbolic representation rather than narrative III. Old Kingdom – Great Pyramids of Giza A. Sculpture of the Pharoahs 1. Khafre, son of Khufu a. Seated Figure, gneiss, ca. 2500 BCE (from Giza) b. Sphinx 2. Menkaure and one of his wives (Khamerernebty?), 2480 BCE, son of Khafre (probably from one of Giza pyramids) B. Sculpture of Minor Officials 1. Ka Aper, wood, from his mastaba at Saqqara, ca. 2400 BCE * a. plaster and paint with rock crystal for eyes 2. Seated Scribe, wood, plaster and paint, from his mastaba at Saqqara, ca. 2400 BCE C. Relief Sculpture – Hippopotamus hunt of Ti, Saqqara, ca. 2400 BCE 1. Canon of Proportions 2. hieratic formalism versus dynamic naturalism IV. Middle Kingdom (ca. 2000 – 1650 BCE) A. weakening of central authority, rise of peripheral strongmen, and the threat of foreign invaders (the Hyksos) B. Senusret III, ca. 1800 BCE 1. Head, quartzite, some softening of features 2. pectoral – prayer for gods protection of the pharaoh V. The New Kingdom (1500 – 1100 BCE)
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Art History-9-12-07-egyptart - Art History 9/12/07 ARTH 251...

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