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7 ARTH 251-Roman Illusionism

7 ARTH 251-Roman Illusionism - 1 Metropolitan Museum New...

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ARTH 251 Roman Illusionism 22 October 2007 I. Wall Painting A. Antecedents: Minoan, Greek (largely lost), and Etruscan 1. buon fresco 2. wall paintings B. Roman Realism 1. Still Life with Peaches, Herculaneum, before 79 CE 2. Young Woman Writing, Pompeii, before 79 CE a. compare with Young Flavian Woman C. Illusionism 1. Garden Scene, Villa of Livia, Primaporta (outside Rome), ca. 10 BCE a. extension of peristyle garden of Roman house – attention turned inward b. creation of 3-D space through brush-stroke and varying amount of detail 2. Seascape and Coastal Towns, Villa Farnesina, Rome, ca. 10 BCE 3. Pompeii and Surroundings – eruption of Vesuvius, Oct. 79 CE a. Villa of the Mysteries, ca. 60-50 BCE (Republican Style) 1. formerly called the Second Architectural Style 2. Initiation into the Cult of Bacchus (Dionysus) a. fertility cult for women b. sequential narration played out on a narrow ledge -- Greek influence? -- figures in front of pilasters with no indication of much space beyond b. Cubiculum (Bedroom), Villa of Fannius Synister,Boscoreale, ca. 20 BCE
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Unformatted text preview: 1. Metropolitan Museum, New York 2. Cityscape – Roman perspective using a vertical axis 3. Sanctuaries within enclosures: foreground, middle ground, and background 4. formerly Second Architectural Style 4. Figurative Scenes become secondary to architectural frames – Third Architectural Style -- House of M. Lucretius Fronto, Pompeii, ca. 50 CE II. Mosaic Decoration – much derived from Greek wall paintings A. usually used as floor decoration B. The Unswept Floor, ca. 100 CE -- signed by Herkleitos (Greek name) 1. original by Sosos of Pergamon, ca. 150 BCE 2. erudite conversation piece and whimsy C. Fountain Mosaic, Pompeii, before 70 CE – mosaic version of garden wall paintings in peristyle D. House of the Faun, Pompeii, before 79 CE, -- Alexander the Great and Darius III (Chapter five, 5-57) 1. mosaic copy of painting by Helen of Egypt of Philoxenos of Eretria, ca. 300 BCE 2. erudite and costly...
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