8 ARTH 251-Early Christian and Jewish Art

8 ARTH 251-Early Christian and Jewish Art - ARTH 251 Early...

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ARTH 251 Early Christian and Jewish Art and Architecture 24 and 26 October 2007 I. End of Imperial Presence in Rome A. Constantine the Great (280 – 337, reign 312-337) 1. Battle of Mulvian Bridge, 312 a. defeat of Maxentius but co-ruled with Licinius until 323 b. turned to his mother’s god for assistance – Jesus 2. Edict of Milan, 313 a. letter sent by Constantine and Licinius to eastern magistrates instituting religious tolerance b. Licinius reneged on the Edict in 320 – outbreak of war 3. Established new capital – Nova Roma/ Constantinople – on Bosphoros, 325 a. left Rome and it was never a permanent imperial residence b. Milan and then Ravenna became imperial seats B. Imperial Works (Chapter Six) 1. The Tetrarchs, San Marco, Venice, ca. 300 2. Arch of Constantine, Rome, 312-313 3. Colossal Statue of Constantine, Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine, ca. 325 4. Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine, Rome, ca. 310 5. Imperial Audience Hall, Trier, Germany, early 4 th century 6. influence of Neo-Platonism C. The Christian Church headed by the Bishop of Rome (Pope) assumed authority of the Roman Empire in the Latin West II. Third Century Developments A. Jewish Representation – Synagogue at Dura Europas, Syria, ca. 250 1. aniconic religion – prohibition against images 2. narrative of the history of a Chosen People – Exodus a. prophets wearing Roman togas b. Torah Shrine (compare to the Villa Torlonia, Rome, fig. 7-2) c. composition and figure proportion reminiscent of Column of
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course ART HIST 101 taught by Professor Watkinson during the Spring '07 term at William & Mary.

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8 ARTH 251-Early Christian and Jewish Art - ARTH 251 Early...

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