5 ARTH 251-Roam Sculpture

5 ARTH 251-Roam Sculpture - ARTH 251 Roman Sculpture 17 and...

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Roman Sculpture 17 and 19 October 2007 I. Etruscan Antecedents A. Brutus ”, ca. 250 BCE B. Aulus Metellus , ca. 80 BCE – orator’s pose Giving a proclamation, classic pose *romans and etruscans-the acts and deeds of men are meant to be recorded. *romans dev system to venerate ancestors *recording for history *aulus-civic leader, metellus-made of metal *found outside of Perusia *romans borrow the ideas of the etruscans. *tended to exaggerate the human form II. Rise of the Julians and the Republican Style (250 BCE – 27 BCE) A. Pompey the Great, original 50 BCE (known from copy of 30 CE) – some aspects of Verism * responsible for expanding roman empire a lot. He was of lowly origins *pompey and Julius Caesar were the 2 dom figures of rome around the same time *marble portrait bust, lots of images of pompey in coins. *not very attractive—fleshy face, bulbous nose, weak mouth. This bust is tending to veristic portraiture. *verism—very objective representation of an individual, usually in old age. Show us how he was. B. Julius Ceasar (ca. 100 – 44 BCE): verism versus the ideal 1. denarius, 44 BCE (profile image) *a penny with Caesar. Unattractive. 2. portrait, marble, Vatican Museum, 1 st cen CE * *adjustments have been made in comparison to the coin. We see an idealized version of him. *synonymous with their historical accomplishments III. Augustan Period (63 BCE – 14 CE, reign 27 BCE – 14 CE) A. The Principate -- primus inter pares (First among equals) *period of princes *hereditary-runs through line of augstus B. Augustus of Primaporta , ca. 10 CE (located at the Villa of Livia at Primaporta) *reminded of the pose of Aulus Metellus *we see him in many poses—priest, orator, on coins after death—augustus deified. *relief deco on the quieras chestplate he’s wearing *depicts “the return of the standards” recaptured by a tribe of germans-we see Tiberius (son of augustus) with a dog (loyalty), subjugated territories, with dawn at the top driving chariot aross the heavens—shows a new day. *this commemorates a specific historic events*** this is characteristic of roman
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course ART HIST 101 taught by Professor Watkinson during the Spring '07 term at William & Mary.

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5 ARTH 251-Roam Sculpture - ARTH 251 Roman Sculpture 17 and...

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