Allegory- figure of speech in which abstract ideas and principles are described in terms of characters, figures and events.Alliteration - a stylistic device in which a number of words, having the same first consonant sound, occur close together in a series.Allusion- a stylistic device in which a number of words, having the same first consonant sound, occur close together in a series.Ambiguity -a word, phrase, or statement which contains more than one meaning, leading to confusion and vaguenessAnalogy- comparison in which an idea or a thing is compared to another thing that is quite different from it.Antecedent - earlier clause, phrase or word to which a pronoun, another word or a noun refers back to.Antithesis- (literal meaning opposite); a rhetorical device in which two opposite ideas are put together in a sentence to achieve a contrasting effect.Aphorism- statement of truth or opinion expressed in a concise and witty manner. The term is often applied to philosophical, moral and literary principles.Apostrophe- a figure of speech sometimes represented by exclamation “O”. A writer or a speaker, using an apostrophe, detacheshimself from the reality and addresses an imaginary character in his speech.Atmosphere- the pervading tone or mood of a place, situation, or work of art.Caricature -a device used in descriptive writing and visual arts where particular aspects of a subject are exaggerated to create a silly or comic effect.Clause- grammatical unit that contains both a subject/a verb. An independent, or main, clause thought and can stand alone as a sentence. A dependent, or subordinate clause, cannot stand alone and must be accompanied by an independent clause.Colloquialism- the use of informal words, phrases or even slangin a piece of writing.Conceit- A fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogy between seemingly dissimilar objects. Displays intellectual cleverness displays intellectual cleverness as a result of the unusual comparison being made.Connotation- refers to a meaning that is implied by a word apart from the thing which it describes explicitly. Denotation- defined as literal or dictionary meanings of a word in contrastto its connotative or associated meanings.