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Social Perception - I Social Perception A Process through...

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I. Social Perception A. Process through which we seek to know & understand other persons 1. Verbal communication 2. Nonverbal communication: exchange of information based on facial expressions, eye contact, gestures & body movements II. Facial Expressions A. Six basic facial emotions (w/ many combinations) 1. Happiness 2. Sadness 3. Surprise 4. Fear 5. Anger 6. Disgust B. Charles Darwin (1872) The Expression of the Emotions in Man & Animals 1. Facial expressions are universal & innate C. Paul Ekman 1. Hypothesis : Facial expressions carry same meaning regardless of culture context or language 2. Ekman & Friesen (1975) emotional expressions in tribal people 3. Mapping facial muscles a) Human face has a total of 44 muscles b) Ekman found 10,000 anatomical combinations in facial muscles 4. Micro-Momentary Expressions (MME) a) Average expression about 1 to 1.5 seconds b) MME : brief, contradictory facial expression of emotion c) MME analysis & clinical intervention 5. Telling Lies (1985) a) 5% of populations are natural liars!
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