Understanding Music Study Guide

Understanding Music Study Guide - Understanding Music Study...

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Understanding Music Study Guide Chapter 3 Music-defined formally in 2002 in a dictionary o Defined differently in different cultures o Rhythm is simply the organization of beats Timbre- quality of sound Melody-an organized series of pitches Tune- a special kind of melody Motive- a distinctive fragment of melody, distinctive enough so that it will be easily recognized when it returns again and again within a long composition Theme- the most general term for the basic subject matter of longer pieces of music Texture- the term used to refer to the blend of the various sounds and melodic lines occurring simultaneously in music. Monophony- one voice, one sound o Not necessarily just one person Homophony o Average pop music, hymns o Chords underneath, melody of interest on top Polyphony (counterpoint)- more than one voice at the same time o Automatically has harmony o Earliest type was organum o Voice types o Bass o Baritone o Tenor o Alto o Mezzo soprano o Soprano Plainchant (Gregorian chant): o For praise o Nonmetrical: no clear meter established or rhythm o Composed in medieval modes, not major/minor o Artistic effect is in modal melody Songs: Vere dignum: monophony In paradisium: monophony; antiphon, mixolydian mode; in preparation for burial Quranic recitation: “Ya sin.” Monophonic, religious recitation for understanding. Without instruments
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Navajo Dineh “K’adnikini ya” “I’m leaving.” Monophonic. Accompanied by drums. Role=end of the enemy way ceremony, after soldiers have encountered war. Chapter 4
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course MUS 206 taught by Professor Clark during the Winter '07 term at Hillsdale.

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Understanding Music Study Guide - Understanding Music Study...

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