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Political Science Study Guide - Political Science Study...

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Political Science Study Guide Political Ideology: a consistent set of values and beliefs about the proper purpose and scope of government. Liberals favor an active role for government in society; conservatives favor a narrow role. Liberals seek change while conservative favor traditional ways. Democracy: a form of government in which the people govern, either directly or through elected representatives. The US spends more money on military than any other country in the world. US is rich on average despite huge disparities. Fort Fertile: The US has a huge number of girls getting pregnant, twice the rate of the UK. Murder rate is higher Huge military costs money More religious than most countries More kids Of the richest countries in the world, the fastest population decline is in Japan. Our federal government consists of: Legislative branch, Executive branch, and Judicial branch. US government is based on conflict and compromise. Our government is not structured to make it easy to do the right thing, but to make it difficult to do the wrong thing. Aristotle: the idea of natural law. People have worth and so does their stuff. Natural Law: Idea that people should have natural rights. John Locke: idea that people should have natural rights. Social Contract: a voluntary agreement by individuals to form government, which is then obliged to act within the confines of the agreement. Twenty-seven paragraphs in the US Constitution are reasons for leaving the government of England. Liberal: to progress from Positive Rights and Negative Rights Negative rights: a right that doesn’t require government action to exist. Positive rights: requires governmental action Secularism: well between government and religion Religion can get into government, but government cannot get into religion.
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In the Madisonian Model , the president should restrict himself to the denoted powers of his office as shown in the United States Constitution . These powers include: The Nomination of Supreme Court Judges Signing of Legislation into Law Negotiation of Treaties Commander in Chief of US Troops Model: People are elected State Govt. Electoral College President People are elected House 435 State govt. Senate 100 Three branches of the Madison Model: Separation of powers to ensure liberty Checks and Balances Place as much of the federal govt. beyond the reach of the public And limiting majority control. Ex. Sierra Leone and Liberia: slaves were set free and sent back to Africa, Charles Taylor Liberian flags of convenience, 1/3 of the world’s oil is transported via Liberian flagships. Prestige Disaster: largest oil spill in history, Greek operated, Liberian Flag, two or three times Exxon Valdez oilspill.
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First democratically elected female president on the continent of Africa: Ellen Johnson Sirleaf.
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