Christian SG 2

Christian SG 2 - Exam #2 Study Sheet This exam covers pages...

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Exam #2 Study Sheet This exam covers pages 126-258 in your Cory textbook. Part 1 – The first portion of the exam will consist of multiple choice, true/false, matching, short answer questions based upon the following items. 50 points Terms Augustine - wrote Confessions, On the city of God Pelagianism , Donatism - the opponents of Caecilian (comes from Donatus). Thought all non- donatists were illegitimate Christians. True continuation of the church of martyrs. Sacraments administered Manichaeism -, a quasi Christian cult. Derives from the Mani, a prophet and visionary who lived in the third century A.D. in Mesopotamia Neo-Platonism - a philosophy that Augustine studied. Gave him a new way of thinking about the world, God and evils and enabled him to break free of the Manichees. It also served as a sort of intellectual bridge that would lead Augustine to Christianity. Pelagius - a monk from Britain who came to Rome probably about the same time as Augustine’s last sojourn there. Taught and gave spiritual advice to Christians at Rome who were interested in pursing the ascetic way of life. He was against the Manichees. God had given humans the power to know right from wrong and free will. Augustine attacked teachings of Pelaguis since they denied original sin. Donatists- Group of Christians that split from the main body of the church in the 4 th century in a dispute over whether priests or bishops who collaborated with Roman persecutors of Christianity could retain their offices or administer the sacraments. Maintained that clergy needed to be free from any serious sin to administer the sacraments validly. Opposed by Augustine Constantinople - Constantine moved his empire from Rome to Constantinople (from Byzantium) 1054 – Official split of East and West Mysticism – Julian of Norwich – feminine imagery; Catherine of Siena – spiritual ecstasy; Thomas a Kempis –The Imitation of Christ. Spiritual experience in which a person achieves direct communion with the divine. Carolingian Renaissance Byzantium - “as in heaven, so on earth”. The Byzantine emperor acts as a living representative of Christ. Donation of Constantine - Holy Roman Empire - transformation of the old Western Roman Empire into the “ Holy Empire.” Empire stretched from Spanish March to the edge of Germany and from northern Italy to the straits of Dover. Investiture - the emperor and secular leaders took upon themselves the right to appoint bishops, abbots, and other church officials. Simony - the buying and selling of spiritual things, including church leadership positions. Hagia Sophia - “Church of Holy Wisdom.” Built in Constantinople as the image of the harmonious working together empire and church fro the common good.
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Icons - a visual representation of Christ. Mary, angels, or saints. Iconoclasts
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Christian SG 2 - Exam #2 Study Sheet This exam covers pages...

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