Researchin Somalia:opportunitiesfor cooperationArnaldo Pellini with Deqa I. Abdi, Guled Salah,Hussein Yusuf Ali, Kalinaki Lawrence Quintin,Mohamed Abdi Hassan, Salim Said, Amina Khanand Ed LawsFebruary 2020Report
Readers are encouraged to reproduce material for their own publications, as long as they are not being sold commercially. ODI requests dueacknowledgement and a copy of the publication. For online use, we ask readers to link to the original resource on the ODI website. The viewspresented in this paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of ODI or our partners.This work is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0.Cover photo: A Somali lecturer teaches English to students at the Somali National University, Mogadishu, 2014. AMISOM/Stuart Price
3AcknowledgementsThis report was authored by Arnaldo Pellini (Research Associate, Overseas Development Institute(ODI)) with Deqa I. Abdi (Consultant, Somali Institute for Development and Research Analysis(SIDRA)), Guled Salah (Former Executive Director, SIDRA), Hussein Yusuf Ali (Acting ExecutiveDirector, SIDRA), Kalinaki Lawrence Quintin (Projects Coordinator, SIDRA), Mohamed Abdi Hassan(Consultant, SIDRA), Salim Said (Consultant, SIDRA), Amina Khan (Senior Research Officer, ODI)and Ed Laws (Senior Research Officer, ODI).The analysis presented in this report is that of the authors and does not reflect the views of theSwedish International Development Cooperation Agency. The authors would like to thank Anne-LiseDewulf, Elina Lehtomäki, Francesca Iannini, Johanna Värlander, Matthew Foley, Samira Dualle, SusanNicolai, Teresa Durand Mazza for their support, comments and suggestions throughout the project.
4ContentsAcknowledgements3List of tables and figures6Acronyms7Executive summary81Introduction111.1Study methodology and approach111.2Limitations131.3Report overview132Higher education and research cooperation in fragile contexts142.1Education, higher education and post-conflict rehabilitation142.2International support to higher education in post-conflict and fragile contexts163The higher education system in Somalia193.1Evolution of the higher education system193.2Current higher education landscape223.3International cooperation and higher education394Analysis of current challenges to higher education in Somalia474.1Weak governance and enabling environment474.2Weak research capacity and limited academic research production494.3Limited collaboration and exchange opportunities534.4Weak research culture and a weak research-to-policy nexus544.5An inadequate national research agenda564.6The problem of academic freedom565Conclusions and programming suggestions585.1Opportunities and modalities for support60References64
5Annex 1Terms of reference69Annex 2SomaliREN members74Annex 3University profiles75