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Assignment 2 Paper.docx - Vitamin C & Health Humans vs....

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Vitamin C & HealthHumans vs. AnimalsVitamin C is an essential vitamin, which means that our body cannot produce it. Alsoknown asascorbic acid, cevitamic acid,or hexuronic acid, it serves as a component of in avariety of fruits and vegetables, and can be involved in some metabolic processes of animals.Vitamin C plays a role in many enzymatic reactions of the human body as well. The onlydifference between humans and animals when it comes to Vitamin C is that animals do not haveto obtain Vitamin C from their diet whereas humans have to due to their inability to synthesizethe vitamin. However, only most animals, specifically mammals (excluding flying mammals)can synthesize Vitamin C. Humans, on the other hand, can either eat a typical vitamin C diet thatwould consist of foods ranging from citrus fruits, brussel sprouts and spinach (to name a few) tooral supplements.The general scientific purpose of Vitamin CThe structure of Vitamin C is similar to that of a carbohydrate, and it is water-soluble,meaning it can be dissolved in water, but it is not easily stored, so it must be obtained throughyour daily diet.In a chemical reaction, Vitamin C takes on the role of an electron donor, alsoknown as a reducing agent, and donates two electrons to be further oxidized intodehydroascorbicacid. This type of reaction that Vitamin C partakes in is called a oxidation-reduction reaction. Because of this, it is also an antioxidant that fights against free radicals, suchas semidehydroascorbic acid (an acid that vitamin C can possibly be oxidized to beforedehydroascorbic acid), which are produced from sources like the sun, smoke, or radiation that
can harm the human body.The main purposes of Vitamin CInvolved in many bodily functions, the main purpose of Vitamin C is simple: to assist inhealing the body. First and foremost, it is associated with the creation of collagen, a protein thathelps build your skin, hair, bones, and muscles. Not only is Vitamin C an antioxidant, but it isalso an enzyme cofactor during the synthesis of collagen, because it has the two enzymesprolyl hydroxylaseandlysyl hydroxylase—to stabilize and give strength to the production ofcollagen. Commonly mistaken for being the same, Vitamin C and collagen go hand in hand—without vitamin C, there cannot be collagen; without collagen, the faster we age. Collagen is alsotied to the idea of normally taking Vitamin C to boost our immune system. As mentioned earlier,

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