outlines_fundamentals

outlines_fundamentals - The Fundamentals of US Legal System...

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The Fundamentals of US Legal System Outline +  study group notes  +  class notes Role of US Courts Judicial Review of Legislation US Constitution, Art. 3  (p8) Art III sec 1 of the Constitution talks about US judiciary, federal courts and term of office of the federal  judges ( Article III judges). Those can only be removed through impeachment and conviction by Congress.  Only Supreme Court is provided for in the Constitution. Others are "ordain and establish"(ed) by Congress.  Other federal judges than sup appellate and district judges are appointed for period. P 19 of the federal court  leaflet.  Sec 2 judicial power under the constitution  Federal court jurisdiction: Federal question ( constitution, federal law, and treaties)  or  diversity and $75000 in controversy. A citizen of a State cannot sue his or her own state. Hans v Lousiana (p.9) Marbury v. Madison Facts: New law created new judgeships. Adams appointed Marbury to a judgeship, JP for Washington, DC.  Appointing papers completed but papers not delivered to Marbury before Adams left office. Jefferson’s Sec’y  of State refused to deliver the papers. Marbury sued, and in the Supreme Court, asking a Mandamus  (writ  issued by a superior court to compel a lower court or a government officer to perform mandatory  or purely ministerial duties correct)  + he wanted the US Supreme Court to order Madison to deliver the  appointment papers so that Marbury could be a judge Law used to support the  mandamus : 1789 Judiciary Act - Section 13 (p9) Madison ignored the Law suit. The Court considered that Marbury had a right to the Commision + Found  that Marbury was entitled to a remedy due to the violation of the right owing to him.But, held that the remedy  sought, a mandamus, could not issue from the U.S. Supreme Court
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Mandamus  was unauthorized  because Constitution, Art. III, sec. 2, para. two, limits  Supreme Court’s original jurisdiction; mandamus is not listed as falling within the Supreme   Court’s original jurisdiction  Supreme Court holds this portion of Judiciary Act unconstitutional.     Supreme Court establishes  primacy of Constitution over the Federal Statute . Supreme Court establishes itself as the final arbiter of when a law is constitutional Key issues: Once the President appointed Marbury he could not remove him The President’s appointment gave Marbury a legal right for which he could get a legal  remedy Some acts of the President may not be reviewable by a Court   PP. 15-16: Court rejects argument that Congress had authority to "change" Supreme  Court’s grant of original jurisdiction as set forth in the Constitution.
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