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Unformatted text preview: VIETNAM KEY NAMES AND TERMS Ho Chi Minh- H Ch Minh (Chinese : )listen (helpinfo) (May 19, 1890 September 2, 1969) was a Vietnamese revolutionary and statesman, who later became Prime Minister (1946-1955) and President (1955-1969) of North Vietnam. Vietminh- The Vietminh (abbreviated from Vi t Nam c L p ng Minh H i, Chu nom : & , "League for the Independence of Vietnam") was formed by Ho Ngoc Lam and Nguyen Hai Than in 1941 to seek independence for Vietnam from France as well as to oppose the Japanese presence. The league was later led by Nguy n T t Thnh - better known as H Ch Minh. H Ch Minh, L Du n, V Nguyn Gip, and Ph m Vn ng slowly established their influence and found their way to key positions in the League. NLF- The Viet Cong, also known as the National Front for the Liberation of Vietnam (Vietnamese M t Tr n Dn T c Gi i Phng Mi n Nam), (VC), the National Liberation Front (NLF), and as the Front National de Libert (FNL), was the primary rebel (partisan) organization fighting the US-allied Republic of Vietnam during the Vietnam War. The VC claimed that it was a national front of all elements opposed to the existing government, whether communist or not. Its military organization was known as the People's Liberation Armed Forces (PLAF). The PLAF were, according to the official history of the (North) Vietnamese Army, strictly subordinated to the general staff in Hanoi. Their name "Viet Cong", (VC) came from the Vietnamese term for Vietnamese Communist (Vi t Nam C ng S n). American forces typically refered to members of the NLF as "Charlie," which comes from the US Armed Forces' phonetic alphabet's pronunciation of VC ("Victor Charlie"). Dean Acheson Trumans Sec State, proponent of containment Korean War- The Korean War, from June 25, 1950 to cease-fire on July 27, 1953 (the war has not ended officially), was a conflict between North Korea and South Korea. Some consider this Cold War-era conflict to have been a proxy war between the United States and its allies, and the Communist powers of the People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union. Battle of Dien Bien Phu- The Battle of Dien Bien Phu (Chi n d ch i n Bin Ph ) was the final battle in the First Indochina War between France and the Viet Minh. It occurred between March and May, 1954, and ended in a massive French defeat that effectively ended the war....
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