Theories 1NameInstructor Sociology 111DateTheories and TheoristsSociological TheoriesFunctionalism is based on an assumption of a stable orderly society characterized by a consensus of society (Kendall 21). Social structures are developed as a means of survival within an individual society. In the event that one of these structures fails to operate properly, an adverse breakdown within that society occurs. This is known as a dysfunction and may pose a threat to the survival of a particular society. Within functionalism, there are two functions; manifest functions and latent functions. Manifest functions exist on purpose or are recognized by the societal group. Latent functions may be accidental or hidden and are not generally acknowledged or recognized by participants within the societal group.Conflict is based on an assumption of a continuous struggle for power and resources amongst groups in society (Kendall 23). Conflicts may form in family units, workplace, or between social or political groups. The conflict perspective compresses multiple branches. The neo-Marxist approach views social class struggle as inevitable and relevant to social change. The racial-ethnic approach focuses on racial inequality and exploitation. The feminist approach explores struggles within gender related issues.