Test 1 Review Question

Test 1 Review Question - Eric Kline Chapters 1 2 3 4 IE 131...

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Eric Kline IE 131 Test 1 Chapters 1, 2, 3, 4 Review Questions Chapter 1 Review: Introduction 1.1 Define work. an activity in which a person exerts physical and mental effort to accomplish a given task or perform a duty 1.2 What are basic motion elements? Give some examples. actuations of the limbs and other body parts while engaged in performing the task; reaching for an object, grasping an object, or moving an object 1.3 What is a work element? a series of work activities that are logically grouped together because they have a unified function within the task 1.4 Why is time important in work? the most frequently used measure of work is time, most workers are paid according to the amount of time they work (hourly wages), workers must arrive at work on time, incentive plans are based on how much time workers can save relative to the standard time for a given task, labor and staffing requirements are computed using workloads measured in units of time 1.5 Define work system as a physical entity. a system consisting of humans, information, and equipment that is designed to perform useful work 1.6 Define work system as a field of professional practice. includes (1) work methods, (2) work measurement, (3) work management 1.7 What are some of the functions included within the scope of work management? various organizational and administrative functions that must be accomplished to achieve high productivity of the work system and effective supervision of workers (1) organizing workers to perform the specialized tasks that constitute the workload in each department of the company (2) motivating workers to perform the tasks (3) evaluating the jobs in the organization so that each worker is paid an appropriate wage or salary commensurate with the type of work performed (4) (4) appraising the performance of workers to reward better-performing workers appropriately (5) compensating workers using a rational payment system for the work they perform 1.8 Name the four broad categories of worker occupations. production workers logistics workers service workers knowledge workers 1.9 Define productivity. the level of output of a given process relative to the level of input 1.10 Labor is one input factor that determines productivity. What are two other factors that are more important than labor in improving productivity? Define each of these two additional input factors. capital – the substitution of machines for human labor Page 1 of 8
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Eric Kline IE 131 Test 1 Chapters 1, 2, 3, 4 Review Questions technology – a fundamental change in the way some activity or function is accomplished 1.11 What is the difference between the labor productivity ratio and the labor productivity index? index compares the LPR’s of a specified time period of interest and that of a
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Test 1 Review Question - Eric Kline Chapters 1 2 3 4 IE 131...

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