{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Notest for Test 3

Notest for Test 3 - Section 3 Ancient Hominids...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Section 3- Ancient Hominids Australopithencines - never found outside of Africa. Genus o Australopithecus Species o Afarensis - this species is found in Afar Triangle in NE Africa. Lucy was found in Hadar, part of Afar Triangle. o Aficanus - found in South Africa o Robusts - found South Africa o Boisei - found East Africa None of the early hominids has ever been found outside of Africa. Rift Valley - a part of Eastern Africa that provides permanent records of hominids. Lucy - was found by Donald Johanson. She was the very first, most ancient hominid that was found. She was found in “living floors.” Places where early hominids lived & thrived. 3.2+ million years old Lucy- 40% complete. Adult. 3 molars. Most complete ever found for that time period. Louis S. B. Leakey - associated with hominid excavations. Father of paleoanthropology Mary Leakey - wife of Louis Leakey She found more hominids than Louis Olduvai Gorge - it is an important part for finding Hominids in southern Africa. Referred to as “Mile- Wide Gorge” Afarensis - East Africa, their features: Afar Triangle- Hadar- Donald Johansen found Lucy (40% complete, adult, 3 molars). Molarization of teeth- 3 rd molars larger than others. Molars get larger towards the back of the jaw.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
S-shaped spine; small brain; large teeth. Sexual dimorphism, but small overall Weight: 60+ lbs – 130+ lbs. East Africa- living floors- where they actually lived. Bipedalism- long distance walking, allows them to carry things in hands, & survey the savannah for dangers/predators. Earliest hominids Apelike features : o Curved phalanges o Relatively short hind limb o Probably both arboreal & terrestrial Hominid like features : o Bipedalism- they can walk upright. This places them with Hominids. o Relatively long legs o Short, broad ilium o Angulation of knee joint Afarensis sites : these places are in the Afar triangle. o Hadar - multiple finds; “1 st family” 3.5 – 3 mya Lucy was found here o Laetoli - footprints, 3.6 mya Mary Leakey found footprints that are believed to be 3.6 million years old.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}