Notes for Test 1

Notes for Test 1 - 1 Reconstruction Jan 16, 2008....

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1 Reconstruction Jan 16, 2008. Reconstruction involved political & economic issues. Civil War After the civil war ended in 1865, the Confederate states had to be included in the USA. Many disagreements divided Americans during the reconstruction. Emancipation- one of the goals during reconstruction. This was the direct result of the Civil War. The US govt.adopted a policy of E. Lee gradually & acted mainly in response to practical problems. After the war, slaves weren’t returned to confederate slave owners. MO, KY, MD, DE were 4 slaves states in the Union. Unionists- people who opposed secession in the South. Their property rights had to be respected & they demanded return of their slave. Deprive CSA of labor source by keeping former slave from returning to the South. Radical Republicans- a faction of the Republican Party who pressured emancipation a wartime goal. They could deprive Lincoln by not supporting him, opposing his election, and working against his supporters. Emanci pation Proclamation- Jan. 1, 186 3. Freed all the slaves in confederate territory (CSA). Salves in the North (Union) weren’t freed. It didn’t end slavery. 13 th amendment ended slavery everywhere. Abraham Lincoln His viewpoint was the secession was illegal and the South had never really seceded. He wanted to reintegrate ASAP. Proposed a plan for reconstruction of the South while the war was still going on. He supported the emancipation. But he didn’t favor true racial equality. His reconstruction plans would’ve been easier on the South & former Confederate states. Andrew Johnson
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2 Vice president during Lincoln’s administration. Became President after Lincoln’s assassination. He was from TN & was a Unionist. Reconstruction plan was similar to Lincoln’s. He believed in limited power for the federal govt. He accepted emancipation but opposed political and social equality for African-Americans. He was concerned with the economic interest of the ordinary farmers in the South. Reconstruction had to be done ASAP. How his plan differed: His plan would be tougher on “Planter class” & African Americans. Planter Class/Slave Power- large plantation owners in the South. Owned many slaves. Viewpoints in the North Radical Republicans Supported strong active national government. Wanted greater rights for African Americans. Free Labor Ideology The wanted to transform the South in economic terms to make it more like the North. North was viewed as more industrialized than the South. They disagreed with each other on the topic of tariffs. Thaddeus Stevens- radical Republican leader. Through secession the South gave up its rights & was now just conquered provinces.
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2008 for the course HIST 2057 taught by Professor Rand during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Notes for Test 1 - 1 Reconstruction Jan 16, 2008....

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