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MODULE 1 PHIOSOPHICAL PERSPECTIVELESSON 1: THE SELF FROM THE VARIOUS PERSPECTIVESPhilosophy offers a ton of philosophers offering a ton of perspective with just about any topic.But for this endeavor, some philosophers were collected who directly talked about the self.Philosophically, discussion of the self is a basic search for meaning and purpose of life.Determination, rationalization, and identification of self; sets the direction from which anindividual travel to fulfill his identified purpose in life. Inability to define oneself leads to a lot ofcontradiction in life later on, hence, it is of the many imperatives of life to know oneself right away andto go on with the business of leading a life chartered by oneself.LESSON 2: SOCRATE, PLATO, AUGUSTINE, DESCARTESSOCRATES-Socrates left no known writings, his highly regarded student Plato, wrote extensively aboutSocrates.-Socrates simple technique of asking basic questions such as "who am I", "what is the purpose ofmy life?", "what am I doing here?", "what is justice?"-every man is composed of body and soul, this means that every human person is dualistic, thatis, he is composed of two important aspects of his personhood. For Socrates, this means allindividuals have an imperfect, impermanent aspect to him, and the body, while maintaining thatthere is also a soul that is perfect and permanent-known as the first martyr of education, knowledge and philosophy-For lighting up the minds of his students, he was literally charged with corruption of minors. Hewas made to choose between exile and/or death via the intake of hemlock. Socrates choose thelater, thus earning him the unofficial consideration as the first martyr for the elusive fightagainst ignorance and bigotry.PLATO-Author of “the Republic-Emphasizes that justice in the human person can only be attained if the 3 parts of the soul areworking harmoniously with one anotheroRational soulforged by reason and intellect has to govern the affairs of the humanpersonoSpirited soulin charge of emotions should be kept at bayoAppetitive soulin charge of base desires like eating, drinking, sleeping, and having sexare controlled as well
ST. AUGUSTINE-View of the human person reflects the entire spirit of the medieval world when it comes to man-Agrees that man is of a bifurcated nature-An aspect of man dwells in the world and is imperfect and continuously yearns to be Divine andthe other is capable of reaching immortality-The body is bound to die on earth and the soul is to anticipate living eternally in a realm ofspiritual bliss inn communion with GodRENE DESCARTES-Father of Modern Philosophy-Conceived of the human person as having a body and a mind-The only thing that one cannot doubt is the existence of the self, for even if one doubts oneself,that only proves that there is a doubting self. “I think, therefore I am.”-The fact that one thinks should lead one to conclude without a trace of doubt that he existsLESSON 3: HUME, KANT, MERLEAU-PONTYDAVID HUME-The self is nothing else but a bundle of impressions-If one tries to examine his experience, he finds that they can all be categorized into:oImpressionsbasic objects of our experience or sensations, they form the core of ourown thoughtsoIdeasare copies of impressions, they are not as lively and vivid as our impressions

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Sociology, George Herbert Mead Mead

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