c181 chapter 15 - Chapter 15 Flashcard Vocabulary Term...

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Chapter 15 Flashcard Vocabulary Term Definition/Description Miranda warnings Statements concerning rights that police are required to make to a person before he or she is subjected to in-custody questioning. Strict scrutiny A standard used by the Supreme Court in deciding whether a law or policy is to be adjudged constitutional. To pass strict scrutiny, the law or policy must be justified by a “compelling governmental interest,” must be narrowly tailored, and must be the least restrictive means for achieving that interest. Free-expression clauses The press and speech clauses of the First Amendment. Public figures People who assume roles of prominence in society or thrust themselves to the forefront of public controversy. Ex post facto laws Laws that declare an action to be criminal after it has been performed. Good faith exception C c An exception to the Supreme Court exclusionary rule, holding that evidence seized on the basis of a mistakenly issued search warrant can be introduced at trial if the mistake was made in good faith, that is, if all the parties involved had reason at the time to believe that the warrant was proper Free-exercise clause The second clause in the First Amendment, which prevents the government from interfering with the exercise of religion Clear and present danger test A means by which the Supreme Court has distinguished between speech as the advocacy of ideas, which is protected by the First Amendment, and speech as incitement, which is not protected. Prior restraint Censorship before publication.
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  • Spring '16
  • Shannon Scotece
  • Supreme Court of the United States, First Amendment to the United States Constitution, Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution, United States Bill of Rights

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