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Unformatted text preview: Western Civilization February 19, 2008 Short Summary of Reading Chambers 133-140; 143-153 This chapter opens up with the Empire in crisis (192-284) and gave three distinct reasons to the end of an empire. One being that the current and future emperors are weak and corrupt. Secondly the civil service has become demoralized and finally the army has broken up into factions under different rulers. All of these factors also lead to a great economic decrease. Many rulers during this time period helped supply these attributes one being Commodus and when he died there was an overall shift to military power. The senate seemed to withdrawal their ideas and powerful hands in the ruling. Furthermore the cost of defense for the empire went up and there was a significant shortage of silver. Finally there was a considerable amount of citizens who turned away from civic involvement. For all of these reasons these times have been categorized to be a period of calamity. During this time there was a significant amount of slavery categorized to be a period of calamity....
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- Spring '07