Geography Notes

Geography Notes - Intro notes.txt Geography is important...

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Unformatted text preview: Intro notes.txt Geography is important Geography may not be destiny, but it is not irrelevant, either, and it is not going to go away. P. Hakim, ForeignAffairs, 2002 _ Geography is holistic _ 1. Globalization, Human Development, and World Regional Geography-Geographical Analysis-Globalization-Population-Economic Geography-Cultural Geography-Political Geography-Human-Environment Interaction _ Geography and geographical analysis study of places their internal characteristics their external links _ Location, location, location absolute location -e.g. latitude and longitude _ Location, location, location relative location -proximity counts, "distance decay effect" or "friction of distance" is important _ Regions area of Earth's surface with similar internal characteristics and external links that help distinguish it from other areas regions are geographical classifications often useful, sometimes simply convenient (as in text), sometimes too general or stereotypical-boundaries are often "gray areas" (e.g. Great Plains, 3rd World) _ Types of Regions formal regions (New England) nodal regions (air carriers) functional regions (Federal Reserve Districts) most are "social constructions" Page 1 Intro notes.txt selection of classification criteria depends on priorities, including political ones _ world regions in the text _ world regions in the text a different view _ Political regionalization-voting districts -*gerrymandering Social regionalization-redlining, 3rd World -*marginalization *Ethical considerations in regionalization as a type of geographical classification _ <-Not gerrymandered Gerrymandered - > _ Mortgage redlining in New York _ Mortgage redlining in Houston _ Scale -level of geographical detail global continental national (states as countries) large regional small regional local, including urban, rural, and landscape _ Map scale and level of detail _ Geographical representation -maps and GIS Maps are models of the (Earth's) surface location accurate maps, e.g. road maps thematic maps -showing geographic/spatial distributions _ Isoline Map -Precipitation _ Location accurate topographic map Page 2 Intro notes.txt _ Geographical information systems (GIS) layers of spatial/area data/information physical and human can be manipulated for analysis and for planning includes maps _ GIS _ GLOBALIZATION increasing integration of world's regions-labor-trade of goods and services-finance-currency-sports and other entertainment _ Early globalization colonial empires _-global cities: London, Tokyo, NY and others-new international division of labor (dependency) enabling "technologies" bring places closer together-transport-communications-multinational corporations (transnational corps.)-trade and financial policy...
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Geography Notes - Intro notes.txt Geography is important...

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