Spanish Spark Charts - Spanish Verbs

Spanish Spark Charts - Spanish Verbs - SPARKCHAFiTEi...

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Unformatted text preview: SPARKCHAFiTEi SPANISH VERBS L; CHARTS \IEFIB TENSES REGULAR VERBS ' Note: All conjugations are presented as follows: 7Y0 noso'ros/noso'ms The indicative expresses facts and actual situaiiorts to vosotros/vosotms éI/ella/Ud. ellos/ellas/Uds. SIMPLE TENSES _AR _— ‘I. Present: Describes (1) action happening at the moment; (2) habitual action: R _ _ _ _ _ _ .‘ l _ I Hablo con Ana frewemememe- (I talk lam talking/do talk to Ana frequently.) egulur -crr verbs like liuulttr ure conjugated i‘is friilows. iitonv or vents Lire regular. 2. Imperfect: Describes ongoing or habitual past action: HABLAR mm maple: Mi,an . Hablabas con Aria cada dia. (You talked / used to talk to Ana every day.) to speak ,0,qu Hump“: ham 3. Preterlte: Describes past action that is finished or complete: gr I," PM“ Sham _. - Juart hablo CUll Ana ayer. (Juan talked to Ana yesterday.) mm Condition“ 4. Future: Describes action that will take place in the future: 7 w—v— —— - L05 abugadns hablaran can Ana ntar‘tana. (The lawyers will talk to Ana tomorrow.) hablo hab'QWOS hobloria “ablatiamos 5. Conditional: Similar to English “would” or "could": 2:325 2232': Rgglgggs £33228: o Hablariamos con Ana, pero no esta. (We would talk to Ana, but she's not here.) _ ,, v _2 linpertect k M Present subjunctive _ PEFI FEET TEN 5E5 hoblaba hablobantos hoble hoblemos The perfect tenses are formed by using the verb hatter, conjugated in the appropriate tense, EObIObOS hOb'ObGIS “ables hoblels along with the past participle of the verb of action. Haber is conjugated in the table below. “blabo hab'ObO” home “able” __ 1. Present perfect: Describes (1) action that began in the past and continues in the present; M “_W _ imperfect subjunctive (2) action that took place in the past but somehow bears on the present: hqblé ncbiamos haqum hablaramos - He habiado con Alta niuultas vecce. (I have talked to Ana many times.) hablasie hablasiels hablaros hablarais 2. Past perfect lpluperfect): Describes past action that was completed before another hablo habloron h0b10'0 hablamn _ _ ' action took place: Future W ‘ Imperative - Ella habia hahlado con Aria antes (lei cxziittcrr. (She had talked to Ana before the test.) hoblaré hobloremos _ hablemos , 3. Preterl’re perfect: Rarely used except in literature; describes action completed just hablarés hobloréis hab|0/ no nobles nabiad / no hubléis before another past action occurs, often with apenas (hardly, barely): hablara hablaran hable hablen - Apenas liube hablado con Ana cuando salio. (i had barely talked to Ana when she left.) ' ’— 4. Fijture perfect: Describes action that will have taken place before a future event or action: _ER \IE [235 ° “auras hamado CO” “l’af‘lal‘imfl (You W'“ have talked to Ana by tomorrow) Regular -er verbs like center are (carrlugured liS loilows Several other common. 5. Conditional perfect: Describes action that would have been completed in the past: tn”? ,anln, _9, vnrbs nrn nqtnn nnnrwnrn Mann-£5 be careful Cnnlngt; ng or vans, - Yo hahrla hablado con Ami, para Ienia l’Tlli-El‘l“), (I would have talked to Ana, but I was scared.) because many are irrngnim In nnn U, more tang-en n, have "rennin, ncngiciplnS HABER pment participle: commndo to have litelplng verb] ' '_ _' if _ _- to eat mannian comido M Plural gular Plural SIMGI' Plural Singular Plural m Present 7” _ 7 7 Conditional _ Present _ > Conditional he hemos 'hobrio habriomos ' como comemos comeria comeriamos hos habéis habrias hobriois comes coméls comerias comeriais ha hon Lhobrio habrian come comen cameria comerian imperfect ' [Present subjunctive _ _ Imperfect g Present subiunctive _ v habia habiarnos hoya hayarnos comia comiomos coma comamos habias hObEOiS hOYOS hOYCHS comios comiais comas comais hobia hablon :19qu hGYOFL comia comion coma coman __ Preterite imperfect {subjunctive _ r Preterlte _ ' Imperfect subjunctive Lo— r I, r ' - - o.)— hube hubimos hUbierO hUbIefOITlOS comi comimos comiero comieramos hubiste hubisteIS hUbierOS hUbiemlS comiste camisteis comieras comierais ‘r hubo hubieron hUblerCl hUbleron comio comieron comiero comierdn 8 Future imperative ___ _ _ Luture _ ' ' _' _ ImperatWe_ A __ habre habremos j hOYOWOS ‘ comeré comeremos — comamos habros habrels he / no hCIYOS hflbed / “0 hOYéIS cameras comeréis came / no camas corned / no comais >I< _hClbrO hflbmn h0Y0 h0Y0” camera comeran coma coman O ___ — _‘ . _— _— (o anSENT page RESSNE TENSE aprender [to learn) deber (to owe) sorprender (to surprise) N , , _ . . . barter [to sweep) depender (to depend) suceder Ito happen) C3 The present progresstve tense describes action that is taking place exactly at the time of babe, no drink) esconder [to hide, to conceal) temer (to fear) sf expression, It is formed by using the verb ester, conjugated in the present tense, along with comprender (to understand) meter [to put in] toser (to cough) : the present participle (gei'Linrlrri) of the verb of action. correr [to run) responder (to respond, to answer) vender [to sell) ‘3‘ - Estoy tiablando con Allél illiUl’lLEl. (I am talking to Ana right now.) ' ' F SUBJUNCTIVE Moon "R "-5935 -. » Z Regular -l'i' verbs tike VIVIF rri'm‘drtlugwed Us lollows Several other {Ui‘ltlilLtl‘t‘ co The subiuncfiva expresses onions that arr-g Uncertain, doutniul, posmhie, hr dammit frilly reguler —ir verbs fi-“E‘. listed otterwtyd. Always be. (omit): ronlugolirtg --lr verbs, (L) because many are irregrrlnf In one or more lenses or have Irregular purlicivles. SIMPLE TENSES 1. Present subjunctive: Used after clauses that express wish, hope, doubt, necessity, possi- bility, intent, and so on. For more information, consult the Spanish Grammar SparkChart. Fluent participle: viviendo past participle: vivido Di ‘3 A: g - Espler one babies can Aha Ithy. (I hope you talk to Aha today.) 51'5"!" Ml , smfl'f'f" HUN" 5; g g In - Nu CTCFJ quc hablenios con Aim Iieisianie. (I don't think we talk to Ana enough.) "953'" _ C°"d'“°"°' ., . - , g g a - L'itlrli') qiie Ana liable DlC'CUDlltCI‘IlCIliC. (I doubt that Ana talks eloquently.) vivo vivimos viviria viviriamos E 3' g g - No my a sailtr stn qLie babies can Ana (l’m not going to leave unless you talk to Ana.) Vives vivis vivirias viviriais *g a; g g g 2. imperfect subjunctive: Used like the present subunctive but when the main verb is in we V'Ve" _ V'V'r'o _‘ V'V'V'On g g g .5 the preterite, imperfect, or conditional tense: imperfect r Presant subjunctive 7 3% _ g V - Juan insistir) [{UP yo hablara con Alta. (Juan insisted that | talk to And.) VMG viviomos viva vivumos § 8 E ‘3’ a "" g - Note: There are two forms of the imperfectsubjunctive: one with —ra endings(l:ub!rira)and vivias vivrnts vivas vnms N g a at £2 0 2 one with —se endings (habkrse). They mean the same thing. Astde from regional exceptions, vivia Vivian viva vivan g g, 15 g g " E the -ra form is used far more frequently, so the —se form is not included on this chart. pmerne Tmnefiéc'f'snbpnai’ve _ _c x _ w ._ . ..... .. _ ‘gfi o E pEnFECT SUBJUNCTIVE TENSES vivi vivlmos viviera viviéramos gg 811 n o ,g _ ‘ _ _ v viviste vivisteis vivieras vivierais o n. m o < — e 1. Present pertect subjunctive: Used like the present subjunctive but when the action of vivié viviemn viviera viviemn the verb in the subjunctive clause is viewed as completed: PM 7 -- — . — . ure im erative . - No cruu qua hayas hablado con Ana. (I don’t think you have talked to Ana.) , , , .7 -J -- _ 2. Past perfect subjunctive (pluperfect subjunctive): Used like the imperfect subjunctive Vlvl'? V!V!'?.m°5 —. . Vl".°m°$ . . b t when the action of the verb in the sub'unctive clause was completed before another Vlvlrgs Vlvlre's We / no was Vlv'd / "0 V'Vd's v u _ J VlVii't] VlVllén VIVO VIVClI'l action took place: — ——# i — r _ _— - - No crcia qua hubieras habiado can Ana, (I didn’t think you had talked to Ana.) aburrjr (to bore) discutir (to discuss) persistir (to persist) anodir [to add, to increase) exhibir (to exhibit, to show) prohiblr [to prohibit) I M p E M o o D aplaudir (to applaud) existir (to exist) recibir Ito receive) osistir (to attend) insistir lia insist) sacud’ir lto shake) The imperative expresses clii'nr‘. carriers or [Olmi'IGDLlS c0mbatir [to combat) interrumpir (to interrupt) subir [to go up, to gel on) - friable con Aria rtritedrataittertiel (Talk to Aria immediately!) Confundjr llo confUSel ocurrir (to occur) _ sufrir lio suffer, to endure) - 1ND habtes con Ana! [513 do. rttal humor. (Don’t talk to Ana! She's in a bad mood.) “’"sum" “0 5°”5ume) P‘m" “0 d'V'de: 1° 5PM) "n" “0 “We: '0 |°'“l decidir (to decide) permitir [to permit, to allow) SPAHKGHI‘iHTFS i lhese tables Show the coniugulions of some commnn irregular Spanish verbfi. This is v not on nxhnualive Ila! Verbs. lypicnlly used rcllexivolv le 9., dlverli‘rse, senllrse: are in =' purole. l-oi more information 01min use of reflexive verbs, see 5hr; box on the nexl page If you can‘t find the verb you're looking for. check lhc ndrlilionril verbs Issl on lhin. Ins! - - . - - page. which Ilsls many VDIbb coniugolecl in :hr-i some way us ulhiai verbs on lhiS chnrl "WEN" Pndmm‘a' ,, W, creo creemos creerio creeriomos crees creéis creericis creeriois cree creen creerlo creerian Imperfect 7 m__' Present subiunctive W creio creiamos creo creumos _ - ‘ creios creiois creas creéis presem I Condmoml creio icfreian 7 creo creun ondo undomos andorio ondoriamos “meme W, ""‘F'erfed SUbiUM'We W, ondos andéis andorios andoriais crei {rein-105 aeyem qeyémmos ando ondon ondorio ondorian . . o . , ,_ V, ,.,.,_,W,. _ _ creisIe CIEISIelS creyeros creyerals “were”: « Present mbiuncfive WW” WW creyé creyeron creyero creyeran andobo undébomos onde ondemos Future Imperative ” ondubos andabois undes undéis ' — - andabo andabon onde onden creere creeremos — creomos ’pmteme ’ ‘71:"; 7 Imperfect subiuncfive _ _ » creeros creeréis cree / no creos creed / no creéis . I ,, cr r' creer' anduve anduwmos onduwero andUVIeromos L _On_ creo _ creo" unduvisle onduvisleis onduvieros onduvlerols unduvo onduvieron onduviero onduvleron Future 7 Imperative _ _ _ _ ' - andoré ondaremos — ondemos ‘ ' 5" . v _ andords ondaréis anda / no ondes andud / no ondéis Present "W Conditional ondora _ _ondaran m ande _ cnden V doy domes dorm doriomos count-Isl" ' - - ' dos dais dorias dariois 1 d N do don doria darion a r e _ . . .- . im effed Present sub‘unctive singuiar mini singular - i 9 ~ ’ ' ' 7 7 Present Conditional dab“ d°b°m°s d9 dem°5 . . , . , dabos dabais des deis conduzco conduumos conducmo conducmomos conduces conducls conduclrios conduciriois dabo _ 9399“ dé fen 7 __ _ conduce conducr-in conducirio conducirion magma [mpe’fed subiuncfive ‘ lmPe'fed , ,, , P'esen' SUbiuncme di dimos diero diéramos conducia conduciamos conduzca conduzcomos diste disleis dieros dierois conducias conduciais conduzcus conduzcéis dio diemn diam diemn conducia conduclcin condUan conduzcon F ' -fiw. I or , , u are m er ive _ Preterite Imperfect subiunctlve ’ 4 p — . —' ' .. ’ii, 7'7 ' . dare daremos — demos conduie conduiimos conduiero conduiérornos d . d .. d / d d d d . conduiisle conduiislels conduieras conduierois ("€15 °"?'5 9 "0 es 0 /"° 9'5 conduio conduieron conduiero conduieron ,daro doran :de den inure" ' V ' lmperofille n conduciré conduciremos — conduzcamos GI conduciréis conduciréis conduce / no conduzcas conducld / no conduzcéis ‘0 “If. '0 ‘9“ _ conduciré conducirdn conduzco conduzcan Shy" a, M! 5m“, mm 13 ’ Present LCondltiml % » w k I: _ I digo decimos dirio diriomos :3 to know, to become acquainted with _ ._ dices decis dirius diriais 5 ‘2‘ gm“! Ml I "W dice dicen dirio dirion E U resent iona ~* . ~~~~~~~ -- —- '- “’ Imperfect _‘ Present subiuncfin § 9: conozco conocemos conocerio conocerlamos dec. deck] d. d. E 3 conoces conocéis conocerios conocer’iuis {0 ’ mos ‘90 {9‘3m05 V, conoce conocen conocerio conocerian dECIOS deCIOIS I dlgas digois g g flrwfimrw..___ _ _ .e__~”,w:‘v‘,fl -. __ . . . . a, . Imperfect [Present subwnctwe dec'o 91900" H ‘fl‘g‘i 7 d'QOn w ; conocla conoclomos conozco conozcomos P’e’eme . r. ""pe'fec' 5”biu"c'i"° _ _ conocias conociais conozcos conozcéis i due diiimos diiem diiéramos wmwiv j_°“3c'°" _ __ ‘°”°Z‘° , _ . conozi‘in __ diiisie diiisieis diieras diierois PMLML“. . _ .l'flE’iec‘ SUM?“ ‘ diio diieron Ldiiera diieron a . . . . _ x. conoa conoamos - conoaera conouéromos Fumre Imperative E conociste conocisteis conocieras conocieruis . ‘ V r 3 conocio conocieron conociero conocleran dire dlfemOS — dlgumos 3' Future Imperative diros direis di / no digos decid / no digéiis 7C: . dlro dlron digo digan é conocere conoceremos — conozcomos d .— . _ a conoceréis conoceréis conoce / no conozcos conoced / no conozcéis 4| conoceréi conocerc'in conozca conozcan DI 3 _ to amuse, to distract Itn hn- . c: grind 1ime: ; to burld, to construct '_ . . .. Present __ Con lfionolk fl Singular Plural Singular ' divierlo diverlimos diverlirio diverllrlamos "959'" cond"'°"°' divierles diverlls divertirios diverlirlois construyo construimos construirlo construirlomos divierle divierten diverliria divertirlan construyes conslruis construirias construirlais - ------~~*i . * construye conslruyen construirla construirian Imperfect Present “Mundwe MB”.de preset“ susiunc'five ' — diverlio divertiumos dwierlo divnrlamos , , divertios divertiois divierlos divirtc’iis conslrwo constrUIamos construyo conslruyumos d, , d, , . , , , construios construiais construyas consiruyols W 'Ven'g_ WY'Ven'Q" d'V'e'IG _d'V'e”°n construia conslruian conslruyo construyon pregame |mperfed subjunctive “9'3"” Impede“ SUbiundive diverti divertimos diviniero divlrliéromos construi construimos construyero construyéromos diverliste divertisteis divirlleros diviriieruls construiste construlsieis construyeras construyerals divimé diviniemn diviniem diviniemn construyé construyeron construyero conslruyeron ' _ _ . - - — —- — — Future Imgerative Future _ _ Imperative W , . ' . ’ ’ ’ diverlire diverliremos — divierla constrUIre consIrUIremos — conslrU ornos d, , , d, . .. . . . . . . . , .. construirés constwnéis come/no comm“ comm” mo COWS ivertiras ivertireis dwierte / no dwiertas diverlid / no diVIrtOis construird construirén construyu construyon divertird diverlirén divierto divierlon SPANISH VERBS to write ' tosleep '3' - "3 -- '1 - - no 7 Conditional PresenL7 7 77 7 Condition! duermo dormimos dormiria dormiridmos voy vomos iria lrfomos duermes dormis dormirias dormiriois vos vais irias iridis duerme duermen dormiriu dormiridn Vg van mo man E ‘ Impede“ ,_, "939‘" SUblund‘Va A, ,, Imperfect JPresent subjunctive 7777777 " dormio dormiomos duermd durmamos ibu jbamos voya vayomos dormias dormiais duermas durméis ibas ibuis my“ vayéis dorm7I_7 _ 77777 dormfgt 77 7 7 7duermo duermon iba iban vayo voyan h "meme Impede” subiunc'lve Preterite Imperfect subjunctive dovmi dormimos durmiera durmiéromos ‘ r " _» "d dormiste dormisleis durmierds durmleruis ‘ gust?” guem guemms durmié durmieron durmiero durmieron “'5 e “'5 9'5 “eras “era's F Wm , "A m m“ e r Iue fueron fueru fueron u v . 7 PE — Future lrnperatwe dormire dormiremos — durmomos , . _'—'.— ' _ ' dormiros dormiréis duerme / no duermos dormid / no durméis If? {remos — Y°m°5 / "Q Y°Y°m°5 dormiré dormirén duermd duermdn W735 "9'5 V9 / "0 VOYOS Id / “0 VQYUIS Iro iron vayo vuyon to understand Juan" ' ' ' _ - . . to phyla sportorgarn-el :..-; .: Present Conditional " ' 5W m . , , Present Conditional enliendo enlendemos enlendeno entenderiomos 7 Aifi—n 1 -*fi* 7 Muiif-fifwflé enliendes enlendéis entenderias entenderiais |Uego |ugomos IUgOIIG |uganamos enliende enlienden enlenderio enlenderion iuegos iugéis iugorios iugariois imperfect 7 __ J Present subiuricflvo __ 'Uego W990” 777 Iuga'ia iugariqn eniendia enlendfomos entiendo entendumos Jmferfec’ P'esem SUb'UM'Ne entendios enlendiois enliendos enlenddis iuguba (ugfibamos iuegue iuguemos entendio enlendion enfienda entiendan I iugabos lugobais iuegues iuguéis Preterite ' _ ififieflefifibflnctive _ _ _‘_ ' iUgubu iUguban iuegue iueguen enlendi enlendimos entendiero entendiéromos P'e‘eme , 'mperfed SUbiuncme , _ enlendiste enlendisleis ' enlendieros enlendierois iugué iugumos iugam lugdromos enlendio 77 7 enlendieron 7enlendiero entendierdn iugoste iugasteis iugoms lugumis Future _ _ llflmeretlvo _ _ _ _ iugo iugoron iugaru iugoran enlenderé enlenderemos — enlendomos Future_ 7m 7", Imperative enlenderds enlenderéis entiende / no entiendos amended / no enlenddis . . . 7‘ ‘ “ I enlenderd enlenderon enliendo enliendon “’90”? IUQO'?!"°S ,— , !”9“em°5 ‘ , —- |uguros iugoreis |uega / no luegues (ugad / no iuguérs " iugoro iugorén iuegue iueguen Singular SI Plural Present Conditional 5 ._- Sin - hf . . . . Presem Conditional muero monmos morinc moririomos 7 — if f V - -- mueres moris moririas morlriois ' 9519)’ 85"}!“05 ES‘GVEO esmriofnos muere mueren moririo moririan eslos eslors estonos eslanots 77-7 e . . esléi esldn eslario eslarion Iflpeflgd WA _ “959m SI’bl“"“3t“’° , LG: I Imperfect [Present subiunctive mom] m°'i°m°5 muem mummos CD I eslobu' I —- estobamos — eslé eslemos moms moriais "News muréis , , , morio ' st | eslobas estaburs esies esléis monun ,,,,,, s. muew 7 .._”,‘“‘"°” - , O I eslobu esfobon esté eslén Preterite Imperfect sub|unctive LG I Preterite Imperfect subiuncttve mori morimos muriera muriéromos esluve esiuvimos estuviero esluviéromos mor!s,'e mor!s'e's murfems murfem's X esfuviste esIuvisleis estuvieras esluvierois mur'o _ _ mur'em" _ mur‘em mur'em” Cr) esiuvo esluvieron estuviero esiuvieron Future 7 Imperative _7 77 8 FUN-"'3 'mPBWfiVe , , , , moriré moriremos — murdmos OI esmré esmremos _ eslemos moriros morireis muere / no mueros morid / no murois er estoros esioréis esté / no estés eslad / no esféis mOrIIO monmn mUefo mUerOn v- _ estoré estarén esté eslén ”“ ’ ' ' ’ ,_ _ v v— MOSTRAFI . — HACEFI '- = g '0 show - - Z = V_ to do, to make ‘ :- Sing ' "W 51W PIuraI' m __ w Singular Hutu! Shflur . 3'39"? Conditional (2 — r\ Present Icond'flonul mueslre mostromos moslrorio mosiroriomos 07 hogo hacemos hariu horiomos mueslras mostrbis moslrarios mostrarfais . Races EGCQIS ROFIOS ROFIOIS mueslre muesiron moslrorio moslrorion _ ace ocen Ono anon 777* —— 7777 iii 77 g, ' _ _. Imperfect Present sub nctIve T, - 3 Imperfect IPresent sublunctive ' ““”"““ ' " _" ' ' '“uWk E as 5, t..- _ 7 ; moslrabo moslrobamos mueslre moslremos g E E g hoclo hoclamos hOQO h°99m05 moslrobos moslrubais mueslres mostréls g e E hoclos hucluls thug“ hogo's mostrobo moslrobun mueslre mueslren 13 .0- 9 g I hOCIO hocmn hogo hogan ....__ 7 :1 cu - 3 — -- — -———--——— . -—7— Preterfte Imperfect SubiunC'IVe _ a g g .n Preterjte 77 7 7 777 _ Limperfect subjunctive : §§ 7;, fl 3 hice hidmos hicgo hiciérémos ' _ mostre moslromos moslroro mostréromos 3% g? 3 ‘7 “ hICisle hiCisleis hicreras hicreruis :gzzgye mos:'°s'e's mosyams moslmmls g g E g g .n g hizo hicieron hiciera hicieran _ "‘05 mm” mos "’59 mos ""0" o - : 7 , S i V”, 85; ° 7?: Future Imperative WWW 7 Imperative - 1: E i\ . ' , ‘ _ E 75172 E g 77 E ho'e haremos _ hagomos moslrore moslrarernos moslremos 4 .95 g 5 7: ; hares horéis hoz / no hogos hoced / no hogois moslrords moslroreis mueslre / no mueslres moster / no mosfréis if} a 537.; o E hum horén huge hogan I moslroré moslroron mueslre rnuestren 8 ti’ %5 q S at i ’ "" ’ ’ EFLEXIVE VERBS Definition: Reflexive verbs are verbs used in a way such to keep the stress on the correct syllable. In negative Some common reflexive verbs: _, I that the'subject and the direct object are the same. commands, put the pronoun before the verb: bafiarse [lo bathe) levontarse (lo get up) Form: Use the appropriate reflexive pronoun (me, te, 8e, - iSIéntatE! (Sit down!) “Hm” “o be QUFe" "ama'se “0 be called/"amed’ nos, os, or se) followed by the verb in conjugated form: - iND te sientes! (Don’t sit down!) “Insane no 96' med) °Mdarse "0 forge” , a , . , casarse (to gel married) ponerse (to put on [clolhesl] - Me afeito cane die. (I shave every day.) Present progresstve: Either attach the pronoun to despertarse [to woke up) preocuparse (to worry) R 1 - Je despiertas a las seis? (Do you wake up at six?) the end of the present participle (with accent mark) or divertlrse (to have a good lime) quedarse [to slay, to remain) c Nos divertimos macho. (We had a really good time.) put it before the helping verb, en°lursei10 gel angryi qurtarse (lo loke off iciothesi) . t , . . . I t b t I 'ld Imperatives: In affirmative commands, attach the ' Estoy ulstléndflmev (1 am genlng dressed) :2: figcgorfiéaz) ewrong) :ggtrrgienloaeséI£&?anelm pronoun to the end of the verb and add an accent mark - Me estoy vistiendo. (I am getting dressed.) iavarse no wash) vesm-se no get dressed) CONTINUED ON OTHER SIDE PENSAFI to think -. ' -' Plural Singular” m "9399* fidifiorq' ,.,, 2'93?” , _ _ _ _ Ssngflfi9flyiifii_ ___ muevo movemos ‘3 moveria moveriomos pienso pensomos pensorio pensoriomos mueves movéis ‘ moverios moveriois piensos pensois pensurios pensoriois mueve mueven I moverio moverion plensa piensen pensorio pensorion imperfect Present subiundive impert7eCt Present subjunctive 77 7 7 _ movie moviamos ‘ muevu movamos pensobo pensobomos piense pensemos movias moviois g muevos movéis pensobus pensobois pienses penséis movio movion ‘ muevo muevon pensabo pensobon piense piensen Preterite imperfect subjunctive _ _ P7reterite Imperfe subwn movi movimos moviero moviéromos pensé pensamos pensoro pensoromos moviste movisieis ‘ movieros movierois pensoste pensosieis pensoros pensorais rnovio movieron movieru movieron ' pensoron pensoru pensaran We; , , , inveréfive , , V. ,lmpsrafiygfi ,,,,,_ moveré moveremos — movumos _ pensoré pensoremos — pensemos moveros moveréis mueve / no muevos moved / no movols pensoros pensaréis piensa / no pienses pensod / no penséis movero movean mueva muevon pensom pensarén piense piensen OFRECER to offer - - _ to be able to . . Singular Plural singular Plural fill-19mm Singular Present _ _Conditional 7 Present 77 _ Conditional oirezco oirecemos ofrecerio ofreceriomos puedo podemos podrio podriomos ofreces oirecéis ofrecerios ofreceriois puedes podéis podrios podriois oirece oirecen oireceria ofrecerion puede pueden podrio podrion imperfect Presentmsuibiunc‘iive imperfect I 7 7 7 Presentisiuggncflve oirecio oireciomos oirezca oirezcomos podia podiumos pueda podomos olrecios ofreciois oirezcus oirezcois podias podiais puedas podois oirecio oirecion oirezco oirezcon podia podiun pueda puedon Preterite Imperfect subjunctive Pretarite imperfict—sysiunctive _— oireci ofrecimos ofreciero oireciéromos pude pudimos pudiera pudiéromos ofreciste oirecisieis ofrecieros ofrecierois pudisie pudisteis pudierns pudierois oirecié ofrecieron ofreciero ofrecieron pudo pudieron pudiero pudieron 7 ' _ _ imperative ___ _ _ Future '_ 7777 7 _ imperative _ oireceré ofreceremos — oirezcomos podré podremos — podomos oireceros oireceréis olrece / no ofrezcos ofreced / no oirezcéis podrés podréis puede / no puedos poded / no podéis oirecero ofrecerdn ofrezca ofrezcon podré podrfin puede puedon PDNEFI um singular m Singular Singular Pin . Pi __i’7resent7 _ _ Conditionel7 _ _ _ _ _ _____ __ _ Present _ _ Conditional oigo oimos oirio oiriomos pongo ponemos pondrio pondriomos oyes ois oirios oiriois pones ponéis pondricls pondriais oye oyen oiria oirion pone ponen pondrio pondrian _I—niperfeet m ' pEés’éfi? suBiunctfire_ ' Imperfect _ 7 7 7 Present sufincflve _ — oio oiomos oigo oigomos ponio poniomos ponga pongamos oios oiois oigos oigéis ponies poniois pongcls pongdis oio oion oigo oigon ponio ponion ponga pongon Preterite Imperfect subiunctiue _ Pretarite imperfect soblunctivei_ 7 77 W: 7 oi oimos oyero oyéromos puse pusimos pusiero pusiéromos oisie oisteis oyerus oyerois pusisie pusisteis pusieros pusierois oyo oyeron oyeru oyeron puso pusieron pusiera pusieron 7M9? _ _. _ liji§rélixi>w 7 Future 77 imperative, WW 7 7 V ' oiré oiremos ~— oigumos pondré pondremos — pongamos oiros oiréis oye / no oigas oid / no oigois pondrés pondréis pon / no pongos poned / no pongéiis oiro oian oing oigun pondrd pondron ponga pongan to prefer PREFERIl-‘l Singular Pi new: ~Slql'iglililr '_ Singular Plumi' Pregeni 77 _ Conditionci 3531M— _ 77 Conditional hueio olemos olerio oleriomos prefiero preferimos preferiria preleririumos hueles oléis olerias oleriois prefieres preferis preferirias preleririais hueie huelen olerio olerion prefiere prefieren preferiria preleririon imperfect _ Present subiunctive Imperfect Present subiunctive __A, ,7 , 71.. , oliu oliomos huelo olomos prelerio preferiomos preliero prefiromos olias oliois huelos olois preferios preferiois ‘ prelieros prefirois olia olion huelo huelan preferlo preferion ; preliero prefieran 7Preterit7e7777777777 _7 77 7 _77 __lmrfectgifilunctjvg 7 7777 777 _Prejgrite 7 Imperfect subiunaivie— _ 7 7 W oli olimos oliero oliéramos preferi preferimos prefirieru prefiriéramos oiisie olisieis olieros olierais preienste preferisieis prefirieros prefirieruis olié olieron oiiero olieran prefino prefirieron prefiriero prefirieran future Imperative Future lmfierative _ W “‘,""“— _ — “WWW” 7" "' 7 7" . . " ’ " . I oiere oleremos — oiamos pretenre prefenremos ‘ — prefiromos oleros oleréis huele / no huelos oled / no oléis preferiros preferiréis _prefiere / no prefieros preferid / no preiirdis olero oleron huelo hueion prelenro preferirdn i prefiera prefieron . GUEREFI to want, to wish g ' “w flaw . r - . ' . . 5.353111777777777 777777 7 7_ ' Present _ 7 Conditional _ _ pido pedimos pedlriomos quiero queremos ‘ querria querriomos pides pedis pedirias pediriais quieres queréis querrias querriois pide piden pediria pedirion quiere quieren querria querrion imperfeét "7v ‘7 7-7—7 'Préséntgubhnghe I lmperfqet 777 77 Present subiuncti—JE _ pedio pediomos pido pidamos | queria queriomos quiera queromos pedios pediois pidos pidéis quericls queriois quieros queréis pedio p‘edion pido pidon I querio querion quiem quieran Preterite 7777 777 7 W"? imperfect subiunctive Fiéié'nié 7 7 f7 77 __ _ Imperfect subiuncfive __7 pedi pedimos pidiero pidiéromos quise qu' 'mos quisieru quisiéromos pediste pedisieis pidieras pidierois quisisie quisisieis quisieros quisieruis pidio pidieron pidiero pidieron quiso quisieron quisieru quisieran F”_'“'£_,_ __,___ _ _ 9T,P£'2'1‘£9.,,,., FUN” ‘ ' 'ml’eimiéfi: 7 Wfimiffiv ,, pediré pediremos — pidamos querré querremos — queromos pediros pediréis pide / no pidos pedid / no pidois querrés querréis quiere / no quieros quered / no querois pediré pediron pido pidun querré querrén quiero quieron I Idllnr Mn .li will" H M HEALIZAH to realize {a goal or task: to fulfill Sign! . ' ' ' m PlIJI'I'II - .- P esent Conditional _ _ _ __ __ _ _fresent 7 Conditional _ 7 _ reolizo reolizomos reolizoria reolizoriomos solgo sulimos Isoldria saldriumos reolizas reolizéis reolizorios reolizariais soles sulis saldrias soldriais reolizo reolizan reolizaria reolizorion sole solen soldria soldrian Imperfect LP7resen1 suutiiuncfive Imperfect __ [_Eresem sutjfirngtive 7 reolizaba realizébornos realice realicemos solid soliamos lsoiga salgomos realizobus realizabais reolices reolicéis salias soliois isalgus solgéiis realizoba realizaban realice reolicen salio solian solga solgon freteritg: 7 7 I Imperfect subjuncfive Preterlte __ _ _ _ _ _rlmperfect suSiunctlve reolicé reolizamos realizaro reolizc’iromos sali salimos soliero saliéromos reolizosle realizasleis reolizuros reolizorois solisie solisleis solieros salierois realizo realizaron reolizoro reolizoron salié solieron soliero solieron _Future ! Imperative _ VFfiurei fim— Imperative _ reolizaré realizoremos L— reolicemos saldré saldremos — salgomos reolizorés realizoréis reolizo / no realices realized / no realicéis saldras saldréis sol / no solgas solid / no solgéis realizaré realizoran realice reolicen saldro soldron solgo solgon to gather. to pick up - . ' . . - to tollow ' ' slugger - _ ' Sing - . Mural Singular Hard” :1: Present _ _ Conditional _ Present 7 7 Condllional 77 recojo recogemos recogeria recogeriamos sigo seguimos seguria seguiriamos recoges recogéis recogerios recogeriois sigues seguis seguirios seguiriais recoge recogen recogeria recogerion sigue siguen seguirio seguirian Imperfect _ _ Presentsubjunctive Imperfect Present subjunctive 77 _ recogiu recogiomos recojo recojomos seguia seguiomos siga sigomos recogius recogiais recojas recojéis seguios seguiois j sigos sigois recogia recogion recojo recojon seguid seguion ‘ sigo sigon fraterite _ Imperfect subjunctive Preterite ____ _ 'Lnlperfect subjunctive recogi recogimos recogiero recogiéromos segui seguimos ' siguiero siguiéromos recogisle recogisleis recogieros recogierois seguiste seguisieis ' siguieros siguierais recogié recogieron recogiero recogieron siguio siguieron - siguiero siguieron ?uture _ Imperative _ :Future _ _ j Imperative _ recogeré recogeremos —- recojomos seguiré seguiremos — sigomos recogerés recogeréis recoge / no recojos recoged / no recojéiis I seguiros seguiréis sigue / no signs seguid / no sigéis recogero recogeron recojo recojon ' seguiro seguirfin siga sigan to laugh . . to feel. to regret [to haul IWI . '- .. _ . Similar Hum Singular Singular Plural' .- ulat 'Pilumi Present Conditional _ _ _ Present 7 7 Conditional _ rio reimos reirio reiriomos siento seniimos ‘ senlirio seniiriomos ties reis reirios reiriais sientes semis i senlirios sentiriois rie rien reirio reirion siente sienlen ‘ senliria senlirion Imperfect ___ _ l Present subjunctive ' ' _ Imperfect Present subjunctive 7 reio reiomos rio riomos seniio sentiomos sientc siniomos reias reiais rios riois senlias seniiois sienlos sinnfiis reio reion rio rion seniio senlicn sienia sienlon Preterite I ' _ 1 Imperfect subjunctive _fireterite 7 imperfect subjunctive rei reimos riera riéromos semi sentimos sintiero siniiéromos reisle reisIeis neros rierais sentisie seniisieis sintieros sinlierois no rieron riero rieran sintio siniieron sintiera siniieron rev—— r .7 . _ . . _ ‘7: Future ___ Imperative _ _ Future Imperative 7 a min? reirernos _— _ riqmos ___ seniiré seniiren-ios — sinIomos "'= reiras reireis rie / no nos reid / no riais senlirés sentiréis sienle / no sienlas senlid / no sinléis — reiro reiran “0 Hon sentiro senliran snento Sienlon x M RDMPER S ——-—_ .t to break 5 _ Z r. —— .. s _Present _ _ 7 7 7Conditlonol '.'—-r toknow , . -— _1: _ _ . Soy somos seria seriomos : __ WM 51mg 1 . '1 eres sois serias seriois " =: Present Conditional _ es 50” seria 59W” — — — a rrrr -r— —- -- . =—— T sé sabemos sobrio sobriomos 'mpefled P’esem “bluncflve Z _ — sabes sobéis sobrias sobricis em émmos sec secmos E -——E sabe saben 7 sap-rip _ 77 7 sobrian ems emis seas seéis 2 ___ Imperfect Present subjunctive 9'0 9’0” 1 5790777 _ 77 777 59°!" 2 sobia sobiamos sepo sepomos Preleme .L'Y‘Be’fec’ s“blm‘cm’e ___ sablos subfa's sepos sepo's fui fuimos -tuera luéromos 5 750b'0 502'“: _ _ 59W 7 599°“ fuiste fuisieis ' fueras luerais ‘2 ‘ 3 a Preterite Imperfect subjunctlve “19 New" We“! were“ : = - "’H‘T” -: § 3 = supe supimos supiera supiéromos .FU’U'E .. l'mPemt'VE 7: i supiste supisieis supieras supierois 5e“; seremos _ seal-nos —'- 7 3" _ fl’po sup'emn sup‘em SUP'emn seros sereis sé / no seas sed / no seais E 2 E i = Future imperative 77 sero seron sea sean :- i 3 i ‘ . _ — ——' — , - i . sabre sabremos — sepomos : - g ‘— sobras sobréis sobe / no sepas sobed / no sepéis g 5 ‘— sobro sobron sepo sepan to have _ _ j—’. — c ‘ h - . ' -' it a '5 -. =a Stngu - - ‘ = 9 x c 2 TIPS FOR LEARNING VERB BONJUGATIDNS Present _ Fond-“0"” . _ . . g 3 g 1. Notice the similarities between the fol- 2. Verbs that end in —car, -gar, and —zar “Em-3° 'en9m05 "mm!" 'endrlomos :- : I. I . _ h m f n . H. h . m tienes ieneis Iendrios iendri0is Ix — —- OWIng tenses. ave e o OWIng spe mg C. anges In G ,iene 'ienen jendm ,endnon a. Future and conditionulr Both are yo form of the pretente and in all forms of Im 8mm figs-é", sub-"naive 7 formed by adding verb endings to the I the present subjunctive: ‘40—, ' . — —. — . . . . tenia teniomos ‘tenga lengumos infinitive form. Only a few verbs are - —i:ar changes c —) nu (see [(JCFII') jenios ,eniois jengus jengais _ irregular. - —gar changes g 9 gm (see jugar) Ienio Ienion lengo Iengan b. Preterite and imperfect subjunctive: - —zar changes 7 —> c (see reaiizar) p'efifife Imperfect subionctive The imperfect subjunctive is based on 3. Compound verbs are conjugated like the We ,Wimos "Mew juviéromos the third person plural (elios) form of root verb: iuviste iuvisleis Iuvieros Iuvieruis the preterite. - commoner (see noncr) '“Vo '“V'em” “Mew v" '“V'em” c. Present and present subjunctive: - urivdiuei (see voiuur) Future 'mpem‘we The present subjunctive is based on o ULJEEJIICI'(See tenor) tengré tengremos — tenggmos' » - - ten ros ten réis Ien/notengas Iene no engois the yo form of the present indicative. - etc. Iendré tendrén tango tango” TOCAR to touch. to play Ian instrument: singular sflyutar - ' " Present _ 7 Present 7 _ 7 l Conditional toco tocamos tocoria tocariomas veo vemos veria veriamos tocas locals tacarias tocoriais ves veis verias veriais toca tocan tocaria tocarian ve ven veria verian Imperfect_ _ lPresent subiunctive _ imperfect ' 77777 77 ' Preserlt‘sublurlctlve tocaba tocabamos toque toquemos veia veiamos vea veamos tocabas tocabais toq ues toquéis veias veiais |veas veais tocaba tocabon toque toquen veia veian veo vean VPreterite __ _ _ Imperfect sublunctive _ Preterlte - _ Imperfect subiunctlve toque tocamos tocara tocaramos vi vimos viera viéramos tocaste tocasteis tocaras tocarais viste visteis ivieras vierais loco tocaron tocara tocaran vio vieron viera vieran Future _ Imperative _ _ _ Future imperative _ __ tocaré tocaremos — toquemos veré veremos — veamos tocaras tocaréis loca / no toques tocad / no toqueis veras veréls ve / no veas ved / no veais tocara tocaran toque toquen vera veran vea vean Singlar STIRISE] to dress _ _ em) u: singular Plural Pturat Singular arm: 7Prese7n7t7 _ Conditional Present Conditional traigo traemos traeria )raeriamos visto veslimos vestiria vestiriamos traes traeis traerias )raeriais vistes vestis vestirias vestiriais true traen traeria traerian viste visten vestiria vestirian lmperfecL _ __ __ 7P7resent subiunctive Imperfect Present subiunctiva _ _ _ traia troiamos troiga traigamos vestia vestiamos vista vistomos traias troiais troigas traigais vestias vestiais vistas vistais traio troian tralga traigan vestio vestian vista vistan Preterite m _ I Imperfect subiunctive__ _ Preterite _ __ __ _ imperfect subjunctive 7_ _ tra|e troiimos troiera traiéramos vesti vestimos vistiera vistiéramos traiiste traiisteis Itraieras traierais vestiste vestisteis vistieras vistierais traio traieron .traiera traieran vislia vistieron _vistiera vistieran Futyre . Wrestle ,, _, , W, _ Lute"; . _ __ l Imiéerative , c , ,, " ___ traeré )raeremos — traigamos vestiré vestirernos — vistamos traeras traeréis trae / no traigos traed / no traigols vestiras vestiréis viste / no vistas veslld / no vistais traera traeran troiga traigan vestira vestiran vista vistan Plural Singular singular Plural Singular Present IConditionul _ Present {Conditional 7 7_ __ 7 7 7 vengo venimos vendria vendriamos vuelvo votvemos volveria volveriamos vienes venis vendrios vendriais vuelves volvéis volverias volveriais viene vienen vendria vendrian vuelve vuelven volveria volverian imperfect _tpresent subjunctive _ Imperfect ___ . Presentrsubi n venia veniamos venga vengamos volvia volviamos vuelva venias veniais vengas vengais volvias VOIVIOlS vuelvas volvais venia venian venga vengon VOIVIO volvlan vuelva vuelvan Preten'te Imperfect subjunctive 77 Pre_t_ertte 77 777 777 ' imperfectsubifinctive vine vinimos viniera vinieramos volvi volvimos volviera volviéramos viniste vinisteis vinieras vinierais volwste volvistels volvieras volvierais vino vinieron viniera vinieran volvié volvieron volvie 0 vol 'eran Future _ imperative _ Future lmper vendré vendremos — vengamos volveré volveremas — volvamos vendras vendréis ven / no vengas venid / no vengais volveras volveréis vuelve / no vuelvas volved / no volvais vendra vendron vengo vengan volvera volveran vuelva vuelvan ADDITIONAL IRREGULAR VERBS inch 0) the lullowing verbs is cuniugated If) a manner similar to one of1he verbs mmuguied in the tables above. aborrecer [to hate, to abhor) see ofrecer absolver lto absolve, to acquit) see velvet abstraer [to abstract) see truer ocoger (to greet) see recoger actuatizar (to bring up to dale) see reolizar adherir (to adhere, to stick to) see preferlr , advertir ito advise) see divertir agradecer (to thank) see ofrecer almorzar [to eat lunch) see mostrar I amanecer i to get light out) see otrecer analizar [to analyze) see reatizar anochecer (to get dork out) see afrecer aparecer [to appear) see ctrecer opticar [to apply) see tocor aterrizar (to land) see realizar atraer [to attract, to captivate) sen truer - autorizar (to authorize) sen realizar bendecir [to bless) set-i dacir blanquecer (to bleach, to whiten) sec: DIrccer buscar (to seek, to look tor) sue tacar caracterlzar (to characterize) see realizar carecer (to lack) 5m: otrecer ' chocar [to crash, to collide) See tocar . colocar [to place) see tocar competir [to compete) SEE pedlr componer [to compose, to arrange) Sun poner comunlcar [to communicate) sue tocur conclulr (to conclude) see canstrutr conterlr [to confer, to compare) see preferlr conmover (to move [emotionallyll see mover consegulr (to get, to obtain) see seguir consentir [to consent) see semlr constitulr [to constitute) see construlr contar (to count, to tell) ser: mostrur contener (to contain, to hold) see tener contraer [to contract, to limit) see truer contribuir (to contribute) See construir convenir (to agree) see venlr convertir [to convert) see divertir costar [to cost) See moslrar crecer (to grow) see ofrecer criticar [to criticize) see tocor desaparecer [to disappear) snn otrecer desconocer (not to know, to disavow) see conmor descreer [to disbelieve) see creer descrlblr (to describe) see escribir desenvolver |to untold, to decipher) seu waiver deshacer (to undo, to take apart) size tracer desobedecer [to disobey) see atrecer despedirse [to leave, to say goodbye) see. pedlr destruir (to destroy) sec construlr desvestir [to undress) sas: wsfir detener (to detain) see tener devolver [to return [somethingll see volver disolver (to dissolve) 5m: votver disponer (to dispose) see poner distraer [to distract) sue truer doler (to pain, to ache) sec- mover edifich (to construct) see tocar encoger [to shrink) see recoger encontrar (to meet, to find) see mostrar enfatizar (to emphasize) see reatizar enloquecer (to drive crazy) see ofrecer enriquecer (to grow rich) see ofrecer entremorir [to flicker, to die away) see morir enveiecer (to age, to grow old) see ofrecer envolver (to cover, to wrap) see volver entretener [to entertain) see tener equivocarse (to be wrong) see tccar escoger (to choose, to pick out) 5m recoger especializar (to specialize) see reolizar especlficar (to specity, to name) see tocar establecer Ito establish) see ofrecer estremecerse lto shudder) see ofrecer explicar (to explain) see tacor exponer [to expose, to exhibit) see poner extraer ito extract) sen truer finalizar (to finalize] see realiznr florecer [to flower, to thrive) sec otrecer treir (to try) so): reir garantizar [to guarantee) see reallzar ‘ herlr [to wound, to hurt) see preferir hulr [to flee) see construir lmpedlr (to impede, to hinder) see pedir lmponer (to impose) see porter lncluir (to include) see construir lndicar Ito indicate, to hint) see tocar inferlr (to inter, to inflict) see preferlr lnfluir (to influence) see canstruir intervenlr [to intervene, to mediate) see venir introducir (to introduce) see conducir inverttr [to invert, to invest) see divertir leer (to read) set: craer tlover (to rain) sac mover locallzar [to localize, to locate) 5):): raallzar maldecir [to curse) see decir mantener (to maintain) see inner medlr [to measure, to weigh) sac pedlr mentlr lto lie) see sentlr merecer [to deserve, to merit) sea otrecer obedecer {to obey) see ofrecer obtener Ito obtain) see tener opener (to oppose) see poner organizar (to organize) see realizar parecer [to seem, to appear) see afrecer perder (to lose) set-_- entender perecer (to perish) see atrecer periudlcar (to damage) see tacor permanech (to remain, to endure) see ctrecer perseguir [to pursue, to persecute) see seguir pertenecer {to belong, to pertain) set.- atrucer pervertir lto pervert) see divertlr poseer (to own, to possess) set: creer practicar (to practice) see tacar predecir (to predict) son decir prevenlr (to prevent, to anticipate) see venir producir [to produce) see conducir proponer (to propose, to suggest) see poner provocar [to provoke) see tocar publicar (to publish) see tacar reoonocer [to recognize, to acknowledge) seeoonooer reconstruir (to rebuild, to reconstruct) see nonstrulr recordar (to remember, to remind) see mostrar reduclr [to reduce) see conduclr reterlr (to refer, to relate) see preferir repetlr (to repeat) see pedlr reponer (to replace, to put back) see poner reproduclr (to reproduce) see conduclr resolver [to resolve) see volver retraer (to bring back) see truer revocar (to revoke, to repeal) see tocar revolver (to stir, to turn) see volver sacar (to take out) see iacar seduclr (to seduce, to tempt) sac canducir simpafizar (to sympathize] see malizur sobreponer lto superimpose) see paner sobresalir ito excel, to stand out) see salir soler (to be in the habitat) see mover sonreir (to smile) sue reir sostener [to sustain, to support) see tener supltcar (to beg) see tocar suponer [to suppose, to assume) see poner suscrlblr [to subscribe) sea escribir sustltulr [to substitute) so): construir sustraer ito take away, to steal) see truer traducir (to translate) see conduclr utillzar (to utilize, to use) see realizar volar lto fly) see mostrar Repcr' errors (:1 wwvv.sparirnates.comrerrors t SPAR KCHARTS) Series Editor: Matt Blanchard Designer: Dan 0. W' 'ams O = O (D (\I O O 0’) 0‘) LO 0 (\I «- _,ll| $4.95 5635 CAN ...
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Spanish Spark Charts - Spanish Verbs - SPARKCHAFiTEi...

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