history 1025 combined notes - History 1025 Stages of reconstruction o Freedman's reconstruction o Presidential reconstruction o Congressional

history 1025 combined notes - History 1025 Stages of...

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History 1025 8/29/07-8/31/07 - Stages of reconstruction o Freedman’s reconstruction o Presidential reconstruction o Congressional reconstruction o Radical reconstruction o Retreat from reconstruction… the compromise of 1877 Started before the end of the war - Freeman’s o The meaning of freedoms Reconstruction of families (find missing family members, start making marriage official Private (religion was important) Share cropping Capitol became land but now slaves are getting own houses/living places and had a little control Land owner divided crops to rent and sometimes tools and meals Guarantee half crop to land owner o 2 dreams Political freedom Economic freedom - Presidential reconstruction- Lincoln
o Proclamation of amnesty and reconstruction December 1863 - Congressional response o Wade-Davis bill 1864 - Presidential reconstruction –Andrew Johnson o Democrat, ex slave owner, tailor o He blamed war on south aristocrats, proud poor white heritage o Stressed reconciliation o Excluded upper-upper class and all blacks - Southern response o Exclusion from civic life (ballot box, juries, etc) o Banned interracial marriages o Raced based laws o Economic discrimination o Forced “apprenticeships” o Had to have a labor contract - Congressional reconstruction o Freedman’s bureau o Civil rights act o 14 th amendment April 1866 Made natural born Americans citizens Section 2 allowed congress to reduce representation that help suffrage from any adult male 1. Granted citizenship
2. Protected rights of citizens 3. Congressional representation and discrimination - Southern response o Self defense - Radical reconstruction- reconstruction act of 1867 o Military districts o Voter registration o New constitutions o Re-admittance to union o 15 th amendment - Amendment XV o IN THE BOOK - A new south? o Constitutions Increased democratic equality Expanded state responsibility for general welfare o Governments Education Civil rights Economic development - Redemption of the south o Targets Civil equality
Education Free labor Political democracy o Tactics Economic coercion Social ostracism Terrorism - Northern resolve withers – let us have peace o 15 th amendment o Fatigue o Depression o Grant and corruption o Racial beliefs o Supreme court o Compromise of 1877 - Supreme court decisions o The Slaughter House cases 1873- about monopoly rights in Louisiana o United states V Reese and US V Cruikshank 1876 o Civil rights cases 1883 - Reconstruction ends o The compromise of 1877 Hayes becomes president Federal troops withdrawn
Last republican government falls Reconstructions ends - Legacies o 14 th and 15 th amendments o Share cropping o “nothing but freedom” o Segregation and terrorism o Race and politics o A solid south o Lost cause and southern history Hist 1025 9/5/07 - Indians o Mostly against railroad and fed government o 1834 congress created a permanent Indian country o 1861 telegraph o 1862 transcontinental railroad

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