Chapter 3 Socialization - Chapter 3 Socialization I Why is...

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Chapter 3 Socialization I Why is Socialization Important Around the Globe? Socialization is the lifelong process of social interaction through which individuals acquire a self-identity and the physical, mental, and social skills needed for survival in society. How we walk, talk, and wag war come from the culture in which we were raised. A. Human Development: Biology and Society -Human Development- includes being conscious of ourselves with unique identities, personalities, relationships, and we have ideas, emotions, and values. Are we born with these attributes? Nature and Nurture- heredity and environment. Socialization and Sociobiology- Pg. 79 -Social influence (nurture)-most all behaviors are influenced by society. Social environment probably has a greater effect on the way we act than heredity. Children who's needs are met and are in see the world as safe and comfortable, whereas those who are emotionally rejected or abused see the world as hostile. B. Problems Associated with Social Isolation and Maltreatment -Social Environment- is a crucial part of an individual's socialization, and social contact is important for humans. Social isolation and neglect can be detrimental to the well-being of people. Isolation- Monkeys, isolated children (Anna and Genie) -Child Maltreatment- is not only physical or sexual abuse, but it is most frequently emotional warmth, security, and education. Neglect is often acts of omission (where caregivers fail to provide care). What constitutes child maltreatment differs from society to society. II Social Psychological Theories of Human Development A. Freud and the Psychoanalytic Perspective 1
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-Freud- says that human behavior and personality originate from unconscious forces within individuals. Id - the component of personality that includes all of the individual's basic biological drives and needs that demand immediate gratification. Ego - the rational reality-oriented component of personality that imposes restrictions on the innate pleasure-seeking drives of the id . Superego-
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Chapter 3 Socialization - Chapter 3 Socialization I Why is...

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