cellstructure - Cells The building blocks of life Study Guide Compare the following pairs of terms noting the most significant differences prokaryotic

cellstructure - Cells The building blocks of life Study...

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1 Cells: The building blocks of life Study Guide Compare the following pairs of terms, noting the most significant differences: prokaryotic cells versus eukaryotic cells, plant cells versus animal cells. Explain how the genetic information in the nucleus is used to direct the production of proteins in the cytoplasm. Compare the structures and functions of the following : rough endoplasmic reticulum, smooth endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus. Compare the contents and functions of the following vesicles: transport vesicle, lysosomes, food vacuole, contractile vacuole and central vacuole. Compare the structure and function of chloroplasts and mitochondria. Describe the functions of the cytoskeleton. Compare the structures and functions of cilia and flagella. Describe the structure and function of a plant cell wall
2 Study Guide Describe the structure of the plasma membrane and other membranes of the cell. Explain why the cell membrane is called a fluid mosaic. Describe the primary functions of the membrane proteins. Explain how the structure of the plasma membrane makes it semipermeable. Describe the primary functions of the membrane proteins. Distinguish between the following pairs of terms: diffusion versus osmosis, passive transport versus active transport, hypertonic versus hypotonic, endocytosis versus exocytosis, and phagocytosis versus pinocytosis. Distinguish between surface area and volume of a cell. Describe what happens to