Ch.2 Culture - 1 Culture Individualism a distinct shared...

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1 Culture: Individualism: a distinct shared value (american culture) Assumption: we are individual first & members of a group are second Avoiding ethnocentrism: error of viewing one’s culture as superior What is Culture: ➣ Edward Tylor: British anthropologist ➣ Cultures are systems of behavior & thought - obey natural laws & be studied scientifically Enculturation: process by which a child learns their own culture ➣Culture includes knowledge, belief, arts, morals, laws, customs, & habits ➣ Culture is acquired by growing up in a particular society where they’re exposed to a particular cultural tradition Culture is Learned: ➣Clifford Geertz: “based on cultural learning and symbols” ➣Cultural learning depends on human capacity to use symbols ➣Humans internalize an established system of meaning ➣ Learning process is conscious and unconscious ➣ Learn through observations, interactions, and experiences Culture is Symbolic:
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