Ch.1 Anthropology - 1 Anthropology study of human beings...

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1 Anthropology: study of human beings and their culture ➣ explores human diversity across time & space seeks to understand the human condition interest in diversity that comes through human adaptability Anthropology is a comparative & holistic science Holistic: study of the whole human condition; past, present, & future; biology, nature, & culture Comparative: examines all societies- ancient & modern, simple & complex, local & global Cultures are traditions and customs that are transmitted through learning Anthropology studies adaptation, variation, and change Adaptation: processes by which organisms cope with environmental forces & pressures. Organisms change in order to fit a particular environment. Humans rely on cultural adaptation ex- high altitudes Cultural Adaptation: specific diet and clothing Biological Genetic Adaptation: (generations) larger barrel chest of native highlanders Long Term Biological Adaptation: (growth development) more efficient respiratory system Short Term Biological Adaptation: (spontaneous) increased heart rate and hyperventilation General Anthropology: 4 main subfields
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