The Civil War - The Civil War Period 1820-1896 Sections...

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The Civil War Period1820-1896
SectionsSlavery Divided the Nation (1820-1860)The Civil War (1861-1865)Reconstruction (1863-1896)
Slavery Divides The Nation1820-1860
Slavery in the ConstitutionConstitutional compromises regarding slavery were made to encourage Sothern states to ratify the constitution3/5ths compromiseProvision that congress couldn’t end the importing of slaves before 1808Fugitive slave clauseNorthwest Ordinance- banned slavery North of Ohio RiverWith expansion of America westward, north and south fought over whether new territories would allow slavery
Missouri Compromise11 free and 11 slave states in 1819Missouri (part or Louisiana territory) applied to join union as slave statenorth opposedmonths of arguing Maine applies for statehood while still auguring over MissouriSenator Henry Clay proposed compromise in 1820Missouri will be slave and Maine free to keep number equalCongress drew imaginary line across southern border of Missouri at latitude 36 30’ N and slavery permitted in Louisiana purchase territory South of line and not north w/ exception of Missouri
Slavery in the West1848 Mexican Cession brought more territory into question (Missouri compromise only applied to Louisiana territory)N feared slavery in new landsWilmot Proviso (1846)Ban on slavery in Mexican territory proposed by Congress member David Wilmot of PAFought by Ssaid congress had no right to ban slavery in westPassed in house but not senate so droppedDifferent views on what to doMost southern wanted slavery to be allowed anywhereAbolitionists wanted slavery bannedModerates thought Missouri Compromise line should be extended in Mexican Cession land or popular sovereignty could be used by people of each territory voting for their territory
Free Soil Party (1848)Many northern Democrats and Whigs opposed slavery but didn’t take a stand b/c feared losing Southern votes and split the nation1848- anti-slavery members from both parties met in Buffalo and founded free soil party w/ goal of keeping slavery out of west (few wanted to end it completely)
Election of 1848Former President Van Buren (Free soil)No slavery in westLewis Case of Michigan (Dem.)Popular sovereigntyZachary Taylor Didn’t speak about slavery but owned slaves so assumed he support itTaylor won but Free Soil came close and won 13 congress seatsshowed how slavery has become national issue
Compromise of 1850Equal number of free and slave states until CA applies to enter the Union as a free state in 1849Henry Clay, aka “the Great Compromiser” for working out the Missouri Compromise urged for compromiseSenator John Calhoun of the south refused compromised and insisted on all of west being slave and for a stricter fugitive slave law Threatened to secede if didn’t get what wantedDaniel Webster of Mass. Viewed slavery as evil but breaking up the union as

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