Chapter 12 family - Chapter 12 family Rule of endogamy o...

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Chapter 12 family Rule of endogamy o Marriage from within o Marriage to someone within one social group o Society likes this. o People tend to do this naturally Exogamy o Marriage to someone outside one social group o Legally possible today but usually not culturally acceptable o Total exogmy: people from completely different social categories get together Really rare Monogamy o People can partner with only one another Polygamy o People have more than one sexual partner or spouse at a time o Polyandry Women having serval husband o Polygyny Men having serval wives Traditional family o One with a heterosexual couple, lives with their depended children, in a self- contained, economically independent household o Typically a patriarchal: governed by the male with dependent wives and children o “ family is accepted as a universal human institution” – Bronislaw Malinowski Nuclear family o Talcott parsons o Familial form consisting of a father, mother, and their children Family in the western world today o Extended family Kin networks that extend outside or beyond nuclear family o Nuclear family It is decreasing in popularity Divorce is on the rise o Cohabitation Living together in an intimate relationship without formal legal or religious sanctioning o Child bearing today Decreasing and or are waitng later o Single parent familys On the rise cause of no not marrying or divorce Early modern families o Tended to leave near their kin o Thus created kinship networks
Strings of relationship between people related by blood and co-residence ( that is marriage) Was there to help each other out, like a support system families in the industrial era o families went from production and consumption to straight consumption o men worked outside the home and women were in charge of all aspects of the home life, like how they spend their money etc. gender inequality arose o also resulted in the separation of kinship networks cult of domesticity o the notion that true womanhood centers on domestic responsibility and child rearing o women play a necessary role in societys family. Keeping home a good place to be Familes after WW2 o Cost of living increased and one income would no longer support the fam so women started working. o Unless you non white then you’ve always been working. o People got married at a young age Either due to teen prego or just cause Family and work: not so subtle revolution o Women in the work force continue to rise and birthrates decline. o Marriage decline, people are post postponing it to achieve career success. Chore war o Second shift: women responsibility for housework and child care-everything from cooking dinner to doing laundry, bathing children etc etc o Uneqal work at home still exist Men don’t do anyting once they get home, can result in tension between the couple Question 1 ________ is marriage outside one’s social group.

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