Chapter 13 education - Chapter 13 education Functions of...

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Chapter 13 education Functions of schooling o Education: the process through with academic, social, and cultural ideas and tools, both general and specific, are developed. o Human capital: the investment of knowledge and skills Makes them more productive and bankable Can be done by going to college, taking a night class, or learning a trade Socialization o Schools help socialize young people Schools pass down the values, beliefs, and attitude that are important in American society Hidden Curriculum The nonacademic and less overt socialization functions of schooling Marxist view on school Schools are unwitting pawns of the capitalist classes Teach the skills that are conductive to maintaining dominant and subordinate positions in the workforce Examples: teaches self-discipline, obedience, punctuality and dependability Believe that schools are sorting systems o First they test students for ability, talent, and social/ moral character & eliminate students who aren’t the best and make promote the best and brightest. o Once sorted, kids are taught different skills and socialized in the ways deemed most appropriate for their likely future positions. Down side of the sorting system o Schools don’t always sort solely according to their merits. o For example lower class students may be placed into vocational classes that feed them into blue-collar positions Putting them into the positon they started at in the first place The Colman report Shows that differences in resources between schools didn’t matter when it comes to education level of the student. Instead it should be based on family background and other peers with whom students attended school Critics could not believe this study so they conducted their own study Class size Research conducted during project STAR done by Tennessee state department of education
Found that schools with smaller classes sizes benefited their students compared to larger classes Smaller classes = fewer disciplinary problems and higher achievement test scores Found that smaller classes benefit minority students from lower income families Private Vs Public schools o Private schools help give accreditation to birth right kids. So if a kid is born into a rich family, then by him going to a private school it gives him the accreditation that he also worked hard o Private schools can also allow the advancement of many people at the institution o Gives a dose of upward mobility and meritocracy o Studies results Catholic schools do the best in preparing students academically, especially students from disadvantaged backgrounds Private schools may have an impact on academic achievement but not necessary the more expensive= the better academic achievement Reason being is based on the design of the schools curriculum More hwk = better test schools, and kids are place more into college prep course Catholic schools have large amount of social capital in the community o

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