Chapter 8 notes Gender - Chapter 8 notes Gender Feminism o...

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Chapter 8 notes Gender Feminism o A consciousness- raising movement to get people to understand that gender is an organizing principle of life. The underlying belief is that women and men should be accorded equal opportunities and respect Important because gender structures social realtions Sex, sexuality, and gender? o Sex The biological differences that distinguish male from females o Sexuality Desire, sexual preference, sexual identity, and behavior o Gender A social position, that set of social arrangements that are built around normative sex categories The set if stories we tell each other and believe to get by in the world A way for humans to categories things It is a social construction, but it is so deeply rooted and seemingly natural that it is a major structure organizing our everyday lives. Essentialism o A line of thought that explains social phenomena in terms of natural ones Biological determinism o A line of thought that explains social behaviors in terms of who you are in the natural world o Example: if you are born with male parts, essentialist believe you are essentially and absolutely a man and would be “ normal” Third gender o Navajo tribes: nadle Kind of viewed like women but dress for the moment both men and women o India: hijras Typically men who wear women clothing and get there penisis removed. Viewed as a master status. o Kulick Brazilians travesti Gender differences today o Hegemonic masculinity The condition in which men are dominance and privileged, and this dominance and privilege is invisible So dominant that it easily escapes our attention and is regarded as the norm against which all others are judged o Deceptive distinctions Grossly exaggerate the actual differences between men and women o Gender crap It is a major building block in the social order
Viewed as an organizing principle of everyday life Explanation of men over women o Patriarchy A nearly universal system involving the subordination of femininity to masculinity Gayle Rubin tried to explain^ Claude Levi-Strauss “ women are traded around kinship networks like property. Gives mens rights over their female kin. Michelle Rosaldo Women live in private sphere not as good Men live in public sphere better. Parsons’s sex role Theory o Structural functionalism ( Talcott Parsons) Theoretical tradition claiming that every society has a certain structures( the family, the division of labor or gender) that exist in order to fulfill some set of necessary functions o Sex role theory ( parsons) That men and women perform their sex roles as breadwinners and wives/ mothers, respectively, because the nuclear family is the ideal arrangement in modern societies, fulfilling the functions of reproducing workers.

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