Chapter 16 Religion - Chapter 16 Religion Civil religion a...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 17 pages.

Chapter 16 Religion Civil religion: a set of sacred beliefs so commonly accepted by most people that it becomes part of the national culture What is religion o Religion: a system of beliefs, traditions and practices around sacred things, a set of shared “stories” that guide belief and action. Religion and culture overlap It serves as a scripts, for our actions, programming us to be able to distinguish right from wrong. Sacred: holy things meant for special use and kept separate from the profane; the sacred realm is unknowable and mystical, so it inspires us with feelings of awe and wonder derive their power from the collective investment of the religious community Profane: the things of mundane, everyday life o Religion takes three major forms Theism: the worship of a god or gods, as in Christianity, Islam, and Hinduism Ethicalism: the adherence to certain principles to lead a moral life, as in Buddhism and Taoism Animism: the belief that spirits roam the natural word, as in totemism o Denominations: big groups of congregation that share the same faith and are governed under one administrative umbrella o Congregation: groups of people who gather together especially for worship. o Secularism: a general movement away from religiosity and spiritual belief toward a rational, scientific orientation, a trend adopted by industrialized nations in the form of separation of church and state. o Sacred canopy: peter bergers term to describe the entire set of religious norms, symbols, and beliefs that express the most important thing in life namely, the feeling that life is worth living and that reality is meaningful and ordered not just inn random cause o Evangelicals: members of an denomination distinguished by four main beliefs: the bible is without error, salvation come only through beliefs in Jesus Christ, personal conversion is the only path to salvation ( the born again experiences), and other must also be converted they proselytize by engaging with wider society o Fundamentalist: religious adherents who follow a scripture( such as the bible or quran) using a literal interpretation of its meaning o Religious experience: and individual spiritual feelings, act, and experiences o Reflexive spirituality: a contemporary religious movement that encourages followers to look to religion for meaning, wisdom, and profound thought and feeling rather than for absolute truth on how the world works

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture