Sociology Lecture Notes - Sept. 26, 2006

Sociology Lecture Notes - Sept. 26, 2006 - Sociology...

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Sociology Lecture Notes September 27, 2006 Social Groups and Formal Organizations Understanding Groups In sociological terms, a group is any number of people with similar norms, values, and expectations who interact with one another on a regular basis. Aggregate – not a group – these are people who share a physical space but do not see themselves as having any other association with each other. Category – not a group – people who share similar characteristics but do not interact on account of those characteristics. Types of Groups Primary and secondary groups o Primary groups – Charles Horton Cooley o Small – intimate o Informal in structure o Long term o Face-to-Face association o Cooperative in nature o Secondary Groups o Large – more impersonal o Relatively temporary o More anonymous o Formal in structure members interact on basis of some common interest or activity Voluntary Associations o IRON LAW of OLIGARCY (R. Michels) a small self-perpetuating elite
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Sociology Lecture Notes - Sept. 26, 2006 - Sociology...

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