Sociology Lecture Notes - September 19, 2006

Sociology Lecture Notes - September 19, 2006 - Sociology...

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Sociology Lecture Notes September 18, 2006 SOCIALIZATION What is human nature? o The nature (heredity) v nurture (social environment) debate The debate on nature v. nurture has raged for many years. It can probably be traced to the mid to late 1800’s with the introduction of Darwin’s Origin of the species. Darwin contended that all organisms are in a constant state of struggle, and that in order to survive; species must make continuous biological and physiological adaptations to their environments. Some social scientists, such as Herbert Spencer, transferred Darwin’s ideas to people. By the 1920’s scientists such as these had identified thousands of human instincts. After the Scopes trial the pendulum swing back the other way to one that the greatest influence was environment and learning. They went to far as to humans had no instincts and all behavior was learned. Since the mid 70’s a more balanced approach has emerged that stress that both have a role. o Feral Children o Isolated Children o We are presented with Isabelle , a child found in 1938 Ohio who without language was little more than a doll. Isabelle lived in seclusion for six years. Could not speak and reacted animal-like to strangers. After systematic socialization training was developed, Isabelle became a well adjusted adult. On a cold winter day in 1938, a social worker walked anxiously to the door of a rural Pennsylvania farmhouse. Investigating a case of possible child abuse, the social worker soon discovered a five-year-old girl hidden in a second-floor attic
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Sociology Lecture Notes - September 19, 2006 - Sociology...

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