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Unformatted text preview: 1-14-08DSM-IV•Diagnosis – based on a cluster of symptoms (aids in communication)•Substance – related disorders•Addiction – overwhelming involvement with using a drug, getting an adequate supply of it, and having a strong tendency to resume use of it after stopping for a period•Psychological dependence – the emotional state of craving a drug either for its positive effect or to avoid negative effects associated with its abuse•Craving – a strong or intense desire to use a drug•Tolerance – increased amounts of a drug needed to achieve intoxication, or a diminished drug effect with continued use of the same amount of a drug•Withdrawal – a definable illness that occurs with a cessation or decrease in use of a drug•Syndrome – a number of symptoms that occur together and characterize a specific illness/diseaseChapter 2: History of Drug Use•Alcohol – accidental fermentation•Fermentation – combustive process in which yeast interacts with sugars in plants to produce an enzyme that converts the sugar into alcohol•6400 BC – beer and huckleberry wine•300-400 BC – grape wine•Noah’s drunkenness cited in the Book of Genesis in the bibleOpium...
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- Spring '08
- Morphine, cocaine, plant Opium Poppy