Lecture8 - The term "Trinity" does not...

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Unformatted text preview: The term "Trinity" does not appear in the Bible. Trinitas was first used by the church father Tertullian around AD 200. The Trinity Nevertheless, the doctrine is certainly taught in the Scriptures. At the same time, the biblical doctrine of the Trinity cannot be understood apart from historical arguments, formulations, and creeds. This doctrine is beyond the grasp of reason alone. God will always be incomprehensible to Man. "For My thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways My ways," declares the Lord. "For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are My ways higher than your ways, and My thoughts than your thoughts." Is. 55:8-9 Monarchianism Emphasizes unity of God but not the diversity of persons Tritheism There are three separate gods Father Son Spirit "Faith is what gives fullness to our reasoning." Gregory of Nazianzus, Oration 29.21 Modalism: God revealed in Arianism different modes The Son is not "of the same substance" as God. He is a created being Father Son !!" # # ' $ # "()"! % # & 1 *# + + , . / - + # 0 #0# 1 0# + 4 + # , #, *# 0 3 2 # + 2 One in Essence/Substance 3 )# + # 4 5 0 4 3 # + 5 3 -5 / # "Hear, O Israel! The Lord is our God, the Lord is one! Deuteronomy 6:4 "For there is one God, and one mediator also between God and men, the man Christ Jesus." I Tim. 2:5 "You believe that God is one. You do well." James 2:19 Three in Person The Father is God "Yet for us there is but one God, the Father, from whom are all things, and we exist for Him." I Cor. 8:6 The Son is God "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God." John 1:1 The Spirit is God "But Peter said, `Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit, and to keep back some of the price of the land? ...You have not lied to men, but to God.'" Acts 5:3-4 Triune God is not Three or One. He is both Three and One simultaneously. The Germans have a helpful term for Trinity: Dreieinigkeit = "three-oneness." The Trinity is a Tri-Unity Christians are monotheists who worship a Triune God! Only the Father is Unoriginate. He The Father generates the Son is not begotten nor does he proceed! The Son is Eternally Begotten. Only the Father is Unoriginate. He The Father generates the Son is not begotten nor does he proceed! The Son is Eternally Begotten. "Begotten" is a biblical word used in a technical theological sense to describe the Father/Son relationship in the Trinity. "Only-begotten" describes the uniqueness of this relationship. It is analogous to human generation, but not the same. "Firstborn" (Col. 1:15, Heb. 1:6) does not imply sequence of time. "Procession" is the theological term to describe the Spirit's relationship to the Father and Son. The Spirit eternally proceeds from Father and Son. "When the Helper . comes, whom I will send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth who proceeds from the Father, He will bear witness of Me," John 15:26 2 ! The Immanent Trinity " # ! Describes the inner workings of the Godhead: Father as unoriginate, Son as begotten, Spirit as proceeding. True; yet this is all somewhat abstract! The Economic Trinity "Economic" refers to the arrangement of God's affairs for man's salvation. Describes the relationships of the Trinity as they exist for the sake of creation. Scripture is far more concerned with this aspect than with the minute architecture of the Godhead. "The Immanent Trinity is the Economic Trinity." The relational God wills to seek us out for relationship. The relational God makes a way for relationship in Christ. The relational God empowers us for relationship in the Spirit. " Like a bubbling spring, Like a scalpel in the the Father is the font hand of a skilled of all being. He is the surgeon, the Son is the originating cause and instrumental cause and personal source in personal agent in creation, revelation, creation, revelation, and salvation. and salvation. Like the wind filling the sails of a great ship, the Spirit is the dynamic cause and personal power in creation, revelation, and salvation 3 ...
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