Lecture11 - The Atonement Lecture 11 The Past Work of...

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1 Lecture 11 The Past Work of Christ The Atonement on the Cross The Resurrection The Atonement “The New Testament emphasizes [Christ’s] death, and it is no accident that the cross has come to be accepted as the symbol of the Christian faith or that words like ‘crux’ and ‘crucial’ have come to have the significance they possess. The cross is absolutely central to salvation as the NT sees it. This is distinctive of Christianity. Other religions have their martyrs, but the death of Jesus was not that of a martyr. It was that of a Savior. His death saves men from their sins.” (L. Morris, “Atonement,” EDB ) The Importance of the Doctrine The Atonement “For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many.” Mark 10:45 “He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.” II Corinthians 5:21 The Importance of the Doctrine Views of the Atonement The death of Jesus was a ransom paid to Satan to pay him for the rightful claims he had against man. 1. Ransom to Satan Theory GOD This view is not correct. God does not owe Satan anything. However, the Bible does teach the triumph of Christ over sin, death and Satan. Views of the Atonement Major proponent was St. Anselm (1033-1109). Rejected the ransom to Satan theory and re-focused on God. Man by his sin infinitely robbed God of His honor. Jesus’ death infinitely satisfies this offense. 2. Satisfaction Theory GOD Offended Honor Offense canceled; the Cross provides Satisfaction! Views of the Atonement Held by Peter Abelard (1079- 1142), and most liberal theologians today. The sight of Christ’s death should awaken love for God in sinners, and cause them to turn from sin. 3. Moral Influence Theory GOD Love Awakened Proof of God’s Love This is a subjective rather than objective theory of the atonement.
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2 Views of the Atonement Held by Hugo Grotius (1583- 1645), who was a lawyer.
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Lecture11 - The Atonement Lecture 11 The Past Work of...

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