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Unformatted text preview: 1 The Components of Salvation Justification Imputation Adoption Sanctification Lecture 23 The Importance of Justification “The primary issue in the Protestant Reformation was a dispute with the Roman Catholic church over justification. If we are to safeguard the truth of the gospel for future generations, we must understand the truth of justification.” (Grudem, ST , 722) • John Calvin wrote in the Institutes that the doctrine of justification by faith is “the main hinge on which [true] religion turns.” • Martin Luther said that this doctrine was the article upon which the church stands or falls. The Meaning of Justification: In Question Today • Hebrew tsadaq “to make righteous” • Greek dikaioo , “to declare righteous” • The traditional view (St. Augustine & Reformers) – Justification is a declaration of righteousness apart from works • The “New Perspective on Paul” – E.P. Sanders, James Dunn, N.T. Wright – 1 st Century Judaism was not based on works – Good works were a sign of already being in the covenant – Therefore, Paul was not writing against works. Salvation is not about Christ’s “alien righteousness” being imputed to us! What is Justification? The Traditional View NO It is not having a “clean slate” from never having committed sin. NO It is not being given the strength to wipe our own slates clean of sin. YES It is the legal declaration that in Christ God has wiped our slates clean for us. Not guilty! The New Testament Teaching: Romans 3:21-28 “But now apart from the Law the righteousness of God has been manifested, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets,” & The roots of justification are in the Old Testament (v. 21). • “Then [Abraham] believed in the LORD; and He reckoned it to him as righteousness.” Genesis 15:6 • “If there is a dispute between men, and they go to court … the judges decide their case, and they justify the righteous and condemn the wicked.” Deut. 25:1 The New Testament Teaching:...
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2008 for the course TH 1110 taught by Professor Barbieri during the Fall '07 term at Moody Bible Institute.
- Fall '07