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Unformatted text preview: Why did God give us Prophecy? B. The Church's Hope: Eschatology
Dispensational Eschatology: An Overview of the End Times
Lecture 34 NO Not to frustrate us in Bible study, or to confuse us about His truth. NO Not so that every detail of modern life can be read into some grand prophetic scheme. YES So that, by the help of His Spirit, we might know the truth and confidently face the future. Eschatology is not about the abstract future, but about us, now, moving into the future! Some Rules for Interpretation Interpret literally. But note: this means figurative language should be understood figuratively. Two Perspectives Dispensational Theology Israel and the Church are distinct. The prophecies to Israel belong to Israel and must be fulfilled literally. For example: Christ will reign as King in Jerusalem Compare the Word with itself. Recognize that there may be time intervals and double references. Prophecies spoken in a "near" context may not be fulfilled until much later. The promises to Israel are not given to the Church. Covenant Theology The Church is the New Israel. Prophecies to Israel are spiritually fulfilled in and by the Church. For example: Christ spiritually "reigns" in our hearts as Christians Overview: The Rapture Greek harpazo, Latin raptus, to seize, snatch, catch up In the Rapture, Christians are caught up in the clouds to be with Jesus forever. Overview: The Tribulation A seven-year future period in which God pours out his wrath on the wicked, and prepares Israel for Messiah's return. It completes the 70 seven-year periods of Daniel 9. ! " # Dan. 9:24 1 Thess. 4:17 69 `weeks' have already taken place from Daniel until Christ; only the seventieth week is still to come. The wrath of God will be poured out in the Tribulation. John 14:3 1 Overview: Judgment Seat of Christ The bema was the raised platform from which winners were rewarded at a Greek athletic contest. $ % & The Bema at Corinth The celebration of the perfect union of Christ and the Church, His glorious Bride. % ' ' ( Overview: Marriage Supper of the Lamb 2 Cor. 5:10 Believers' works are tested by fire, and are either rewarded or burned up (1 Cor. 3:10-15). ) +# !* Rev. 19:7-9 Overview: the Second Coming AKA the Parousia (`appearance') It will occur after the Tribulation, when Jesus Christ establishes his Millennial Kingdom. * ' ' ' ' Matthew 25:31 , ' $ ' % Rev. 19:11 Overview: the Millennium Overview: the Milenium l n The reign of Christ on the earth for 1000 years, in fulfillment of the biblical promises to Israel. Is a time of unprecedented prosperity and peace. , Rev. 20:2 . Rev. 20:6 & ' Overview: Great White Throne At the end of the Millennium, there will be a final judgment of the unsaved wicked from all ages. They will be sent to the Lake of Fire forever. ' " % 20:11-12 " - , ( ( " Rev.
"The Last Judgment," Michelangelo, Sistine Chapel Bema Seat Judgment Marriage Supper of the Lamb The Sequence of Events
New Jerusalem Q: Does The the Rapture Rapture occur here? Second Coming Great White Throne " Increasing Apostasy The tion Armageddon Millennium Tribula The Eternal State 7 Years
A time of unprecedented destruction Satan is New bound; Heavens believers and New reign with Earth Christ 2 Timing of the Rapture: Post-Tribulational View The Rapture occurs after the Tribulation. Essentially, the Rapture is the Second Coming. The Rapture Second Coming The Rapture occurs in the middle of the Tribulation. The second half of the Tribulation is when The the most intense Rapture judgments occur. Timing of the Rapture: Mid-Tribulational View Second Coming Increasing Apostasy tion Tribula Increasing Apostasy 7 Years tion Tribula 3 Years tion Tribula 3 Years The Rapture occurs before the Tribulation. This is the view of MBI.
The Rapture Timing of the Rapture: Pre-Tribulational View
/ , + Arguments for Pretribulationalism The purpose of the Tribulation is not for the Church, but to prepare Israel for her Messiah.
Jeremiah 30:7 0 1
" ( The Church is exempt from the wrath of this time.
Second Coming / ' 0 1 Thess. 1:10 ' Increasing Apostasy tion Tribula 7 Years The Millennium Christ's return is imminent: it could occur at any time with no necessary prior events.
/ * 0 James 5:7-9 - Etc... Distinction between the Rapture and the Second Coming
1 Thess. 4:13-18 The Rapture will occur in the air The Rapture's purpose is to bless and protect The Rapture is imminent (could occur at any time) The Rapture takes the saints to the Father's house Matt. 24:29-31 The Second Coming will occur on the Mount of Olives The Second Coming's purpose is to judge The Second Coming is preceded by signs The Second Coming establishes a Kingdom on earth for 1,000 years 3 ...
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- Fall '07