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Unformatted text preview: JAZZ
What is it? Beginnings Overview of different styles Jazz what is it?
Evolution of the name
"hot music" "ratty music" "ragtime" "Jass" Jazz Different "Styles"
New Orleans (Dixieland) Big Band (Swing) Bebop Latin Jazz Free Jazz (Avant-garde) Fusion (crossover) "The New Orleans Style": The Birth of Jazz (c.1900)
Ethnic Diversity of New Orleans (c. 1850 1900) Mostly rooted in African-American traditions
West Africa Blues (musical feeling and musical form) Spirituals Ragtime (Scott Joplin) Partly rooted in European traditions
European Classical Music Military Marches 1 The Migration of Jazz: New Orleans Style Heads North
Chicago (1915 1928)
"Where Jazz Grew Up" (Chicago Style) Louis Armstrong Jazz Heads east
New York (1928 present)
"Jazz Capitol of the World" Jazz Centers in Manhattan Harlem (1928 1960's) Greenwich Village (c. 1960 - ) Upper West Side, Lincoln Center (Columbus Circle) Jazz: "Big Band (Swing Style)"
What is swing? What is "scat"? c. 1930 1950
Post-Depression, "Swing Era" Jazz: "Bebop"
Started in the 1940's Fast tempos longer, more complicated phrases and melodies Largely attributed to Dizzy Gillespie and Charlie Parker Most popular music in America in 30's/40's Big Band
a.k.a. Jazz Orchestra (3 main families) 2 Jazz: "Latin Jazz"
2 main varieties:
Afro-Cuban (c. 1930)
Salsa (Hybrid of Latin styles) Merengue (Dominican) Dizzy Gillespie and Tito Puente Jazz: "Fusion" and "Crossover"
Merge of Jazz with other genres:
Rock, funk, R&B, world music Use of electronic instruments to amplify, intensify, distort sounds Herbie Hancock, Harry Connick Jr., Michael Bubl, Norah Jones, Jamie Cullum, Diana Krall Brazilian or Bossa Nova
Bossa Nova (Rio de Janeiro, c. 1950) Samba (African and Portuguese influences) Stan Getz and Joao Gilberto 3 ...
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- Fall '08