Beethoven and the Romantic Era

Beethoven and the Romantic Era - Listen... How would you...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Listen... How would you describe the emotion, character of this work? Ludwig van Beethoven Dates: 1770 1827 Life of struggle Difficult childhood Physical disabilities Work ethic deep understanding of history and contemporary Love interests Physical appearance Face Stature hair 1 Beethoven: Musical Trends I. DUALITY Abrupt, angry, shocking, unexpected VERSUS Lyrical, tender, warm, "heavenly" Beethoven: Musical Trends II. MUSICAL ELEMENTS PUSHED TO LIMITS Beethoven: Musical Trends III. Structures, Forms Flexible for Unity Genres and Forms are expanded, rules "broken", flexible Many genres are united Dynamics are stretched Harmony and melody are expanded in range, duration Rhythm master of syncopation Timbre - Larger size of orchestra 2 Beethoven: Sacred Musical Works 1 oratorio ("Christ on the Mount of Olives") 2 Masses (Missa Solemnis) Beethoven: Musical Works 9 Symphonies No. 3 in E-flat Major ("Eroica") No. 5 in C minor No. 7 in A major No. 9 in D major ("Choral") Symphony No. 9 in D minor ("Choral") Last movement: main theme is in D major "Ode to Joy" theme (An die Freude) Text by Friedrich Schiller Symphonic Poem Finlandia, by Jean Sibelius Written in 1899-1900 Main Form: A B C B (C) Hymn tune? Hymn adaptation: "Joyful, Joyful, We Adore Thee" Hymn text by Henry Van Dyke 3 SYMPHONY No. 5 in C minor Significance of #4: -written during 4 year span (1804 1808) -4 movements -famous 4-note motive -unites the whole work ------OUTLINE of first movement Romantic Period Primary Traits Dates: 1827 - 1900 1. Political Struggle (THE NATION) EUROPE: French Revolution (1789 - 1799) Greek Revolution (1821) Belgian Revolution (1830) European Revolutions (1848) U.S.A.: Texas Revolution (1835) American Civil War (1861 1865) Romantic Period Primary Traits 2. Economic Struggle (THE INDIVIDUAL) - Industrial Revolution (1750 and 1830) Romantic Period Primary Traits 3. Artistic Spirit is a paradox '0 1 $ % % $3@0'"8 '76((34(0 )%( $% 9 $ % 5 $ 2 1 $ % $ ! '&# " S% $% $ CQ $ % $ $ 3 C )'R'&"D )3PD 0& ($$ 0# 0 )I3H 8$ GF'%0'3 BA % $ E D C % 4 Romantic Period Musical Trends The 4 "E's"/Extremes of the Romantic Period Romantic Period Musical Trends 1. Expansion of Musical Elements Pitch is expanded Melodies are longer, less stuctured Harmonies are "stretched" (eg. The key of a musical work is less stable) 2. Elimination of multi-movements Genres are shorter VOCAL Lieder (songs) INSTRUMENTAL Character Piece (solo, chamber music) Tone Poem or Symphonic Poem (Orchestra) b irdb hU `pXs `VXg iY XVT aVd Xq`p `XVT cbb iWU a` cd ``a g cf VT hY c e a cb YWU Vd X`aV`XVT Romantic Period Musical Trends Dynamics are more extreme Rhythms are more ambiguous Romantic Period Musical Trends 3. Expression Through less "rigid" rules of music rubato 5 Romantic Period Musical Trends 4. Extra Sources Program Music Use of external sources as the basis for a song or musical work Examples: Historical or current world event Literary (novel, poetry, folk story/national legend) Frdric Chopin "Poet of the Piano" The Romantic Period: Symphonic Poem (Tone Poem) Robert Schumann (1810 1856) -dual personality "Eusebius" (Int.) "Florestan" (Ext.) One movement musical work for orchestra Often programmatic music 6 Romantic Period: The Russians The Mighty Five Cesar Cui Modest Mussorgsky Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov Alexander Borodin Mily Balakirev (leader) ----------------------------------------------------Sergei Rachmaninoff Peter Tchaikovsky Romantic Period: Important Composers Germany: Johannes Brahms Robert Schumann Franz Liszt (Hungary) Felix Mendelssohn Richard Wagner Romantic Period: Important Composers Poland Frdric Chopin Late Romantic Early 20th Century: Musical Trends Impressionism (French reaction to German Romanticism) Czech (Bohemia) Bed ich Smetana Expressionism (German reaction to Impressionism) Scandinavia Edvard Grieg (Norway) Jean Sibelius (Finland) Post-Romantic Experimental/Avant-Garde 7 ...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 04/19/2008 for the course MU 1130 taught by Professor Lee during the Fall '08 term at Moody Bible Institute.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online