Federal Court System - American Government Federal Court...

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American Government Federal Court System Terms to know Federal judiciary Supreme court of U.S. court of appeals and district courts which hold trails Jurisdiction This is the Courts Authority to hear cases of particular kind. It may be original or appellate. Appellate Jurisdiction This is the authority of given court to review cases that have already been tried in lower courts and are appealed to it by the losing party. Such a court is called on appeals court of appellate court. Precedent Known as the judicial decision that serves as rule for settling subsequent cases of a similar nature Solicitor General This is the high ranking justice department official who serves as the government’s lawyer in Supreme Court cases. Brief This is a written statement by a party in a court case that details its argument. Judicial conference A closed meeting of the justices of the U.S. Supreme Court to discuss and vote on the cases before them; the justices are not supposed to discuss conference proceedings with outsiders. Decision This is a vote of the Supreme Court in a particular case that indicates which party the justices side with and by how large a margin. Opinion (of a court) A courts written explanation of its decision, which serves to inform others of the legal basis for the decision. Supreme Court opinions are expected to guide the decision of other courts. Majority Opinion A court opinion that results when a majority of the justices are in agreement on the legal basis of the decision. Plurality opinion A court opinion that results when a majority of the justices are in agreement on the legal basis of the decision Concurring opinion This is a separate opinion written by one of more Supreme Court justices who vote with the majority in the decision on a case but who disagree with their reasoning. Dissenting opinion This is the opinion of a justice in a Supreme Court case that explains his or her reasons for disagreeing with the majority’s decision. Civil law Laws governing relations between private parties where no criminal act is alleged and where the parties are marking conflicting claims or are seeking to establish a legal relationship. Writ of Certiorari Permission granted by a higher court to allow a losing party in a legal case to bring the case before it for a ruling; when such a writ is requested of the U.S. Supreme Court, four of the Courts nine justices must agree Things to know At the lowest level of the federal judicial system are the district courts, where most federal cases begin. Above them are the federal courts of appeals, which review cases appealed from the lower courts. The U.S. Supreme Court is the nation’s highest Court. Each state has its own court system, consisting of trail courts at the bottom and one or two appellate level as at the top. Cases originating in state courts ordinarily
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2008 for the course GOVERNMENT 101 taught by Professor Gilbert during the Spring '08 term at Northwood University, Michigan Campus.

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Federal Court System - American Government Federal Court...

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