PS7 midterm study guide

PS7 midterm study guide - 1 Levels of analysis a What are...

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1. Levels of analysis a. What are levels of analysis used for? Individual : concerns the perceptions, choices, and actions of individual human beings. (eg. Lenin, Nixon, Kennedy, Machiavelli) Domestic : concerns the aggregations of individuals within states that influence state actions in the international arena, such as interest groups, political organizations, and government agencies. Interstate : concerns the influence of the international system upon outcomes. This pays attention to states’ relative power positions in the international system and the interactions among them. Global : seeks to explain international outcomes in terms of global trends and forces that transcend the interactions of states. 2. Understanding common IR terms a. What is the difference between war & conflict? Deterrence & Compellence? Unipolarity, bipolarity, and multipolarity? Conflict: may be defined as a difference in preferred outcomes in a bargaining situation. War: Deterrence: is the threat to punish another actor if it takes a certain negative action (“peace through strength”) Compellence: refers to the use of force to make another actor take some action, (after deterrence fails!) b. What are collective goods? What is collective security? Collective goods are benefits received by all members of f group regardless of their individual contribution. Shared norms and rules are important in getting members to pay for collective goods. Collective security, is an arrangement in which a group of states agrees to respond together to aggression by any participating state. 3. IR Theory:
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What is the utility of theory in international relations? used as explanation for phenomenon, theories tend to be abstract, Causal hypothesis and statements parallel to the “therefore” part of a proof. (causal variables) Simplifying conflict with as few variables as possible Empirical record and logic are used to test theories, these are based on historical evidence Predictability (another theory “time-based”) Allows us to describe events, so does media How states interact with each other in terms of time and space (US, IRAN, IRAQ
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2008 for the course POLY SCI 7 taught by Professor Ginjer during the Summer '08 term at UCSB.

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PS7 midterm study guide - 1 Levels of analysis a What are...

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