Essentials of Sociology

Essentials of Sociology - Essentials of Sociology Fifth...

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Essentials of Sociology Fifth Edition Chapter One This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program. Chapter Overview The Sociological Perspective The Origins of Sociology Sexism in Early Sociology Sociology in North America Using the Sociological Imagination to Understand Self and Society “The sociological perspective enables us to grasp the connection between history and biography.” The Sociological Imagination Macro Micro Dialectical Thinking Modes History’s like a set of fingerprints The Sociological Imagination Macro Cause Effect Micro Dialectical Thinking Modes Race, Class and Gender Matters The Sociological Imagination Sociological Imagination Third Eye Analytical & Critical Development of Enlightened Students
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The Sociological Perspective The sociological perspective opens a window to unfamiliar worlds, and offers a fresh look at familiar worlds. It enables one to gain a new vision of social life. It examines how group membership influences behavior. The Sociological Perspective This perspective allows us to examine society —a group of people who share a culture and a territory. Social location allows sociologists to understand behavior by examining the corners in life that people occupy. Our view of the world is a result of our exposure to different groups. PETER BERGER The Sociologist, then, is someone concerned with understanding society in a disciplined way. The nature of this discipline is scientific. This means that what the sociologist finds and says about the social phenomena he studies occurs within a certain rather strictly defined frame of reference. Scientific Methodology 1. Research is a way of going about finding answers to questions 2. Requires Rigor 3. Requires Skepticism 4. Requires Systematic Collection of Data Validity Reliability Alternatives to Social Research Authority Accepting something as true just because someone in a position of authority says it is true or because it is in an authoritative publication. Authority is frequently misused E.g. Corporate Ties/Political Affiliations Tradition Tradition means you accept something as “true” because it is the way things have always been. E.g. Race Alternatives to Social Research Common Sense People know a lot about the social world from their ordinary reasoning or common sense. You rely on what everyone knows and what just makes sense. Common sense only is rational in the context by which someone understands the social world and this understanding maybe distorted by cultural influences. E.g. Criminals and Criminal Behavior
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Essentials of Sociology - Essentials of Sociology Fifth...

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