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Part 1Information Systemsin PerspectiveEngr. Rusty D. Sangalang, MBA, CIE, CLSSYB
Chapter 1An Introduction toInformation System
Learning Objectives1.Distinguish data from information and knowledge, and describe the characteristics of qualitydata.2.Identify the fundamental components of an information system and describe their function.3.Identify the three fundamental information system types and explain what organizationalcomplements must be in place to ensure successful implementation and use of the system.4.Identify and briefly describe the role of each component of an organization’s technologyinfrastructure.5.Identify the basic types of business information systems, including who uses them, how they areused, and what kinds of benefits they deliver.6.Describe how organizations are using business intelligence and business analytics to capitalize onthe vast amount of data becoming available.7.Discuss why it is critical for business objectives and IS activities to be well aligned through systemplanning, development, and acquisition.8.Identify several major IT security threats as well as some of the legal, social, and ethical issuesassociated with information systems
Why LearnAboutInformationSystems?Information systems are used in almost everyimaginable profession.EntrepreneursSales RepresentativesManagersFinancial Planners
Overview SectionsHardwareSoftwareDatabasesTelecommunicationsE-commerceM-commerceTransactionProcessingEnterpriseResourcePlanningInformationand DecisionSupportSpecialPurposeSystemSystemsDevelopmentEthical andSocietal Issues
Information System (IS)A set of interrelatedcomponents that collect,manipulate, store, anddisseminate data andinformation and provide afeedback mechanism to meetan objective.
Benefits ofInformationSystemSpeedAccuracyReduced Cost
Data, Information,and Knowledge
DataRaw facts, such as anemployee number,total hours worked in aweek, inventory partnumbers, or salesorders.
Types of Data
InformationA collection of factsorganized in such a way thatthey have additional valuebeyond the value of theindividual facts.
Defining andOrganizingRelationshipsAmong DataCreatesInformation
ProcessA set of logically relatedtasks performed to achievea defined outcome.
KnowledgeThe awareness and understanding of a set ofinformation and ways that information can be madeuseful to support a specific task or reach a decision.Knowledge workers (KWs)are people who create,use, and disseminate knowledge, and are usuallyprofessionals in science, engineering, business, andother areasKnowledge management system (KMS)is anorganized collection of people, procedures, software,databases, and devices used to create, store, and usethe organization’s knowledge and experience

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Term
Spring
Professor
Jane Smith
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