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capital punishment outline

capital punishment outline - Pro Capital Punishment I...

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Pro Capital Punishment I. Introduction A. Attention-Getter/Establishment of credibility : According to Bruce Robinson’s article, “Capital Punishment” on religioustolernace.org, the former mayor of New York City, Edward Koch, once said, “It is only by exacting the highest penalty for the taking of human life that we truly affirm the value of it.” Putting to death people judged to have committed certain extremely terrible crimes is a practice that has been going on forever, but in the United States in the second half of the twentieth century, it has become a very controversial issue. Changing views on this issue led the Supreme Court to abolish capital punishment in 1972, finding it to be “cruel and unusual.” But according to the 2006 Encyclopedia Britannica, they later upheld it in 1977 with the Gregg vs. Georgia case, and 38 states chose to reinstate it, while 13 did not. Even though capital punishment is something the majority of Americans support, there are still many people who debate it, but I feel that the arguments against it are not very convincing. B. Thesis : Today I am going to refute them, and explain to you why execution is the best solution for capital offenders. C. Preview of main points : I will do so by discussing what I feel to be the three main aspects of this debate – the deterrent factor, the death penalty vs. life in prison, and finally, issue of morality. Transition: I will begin by talking about the deterrent factor.
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II. Main idea 1: One of the main issues abolitionists have with capital punishment is whether or not it actually deters other people from murdering – and if it doesn’t, there’s no point. A. To abolish the death penalty on this basis would be ridiculous. In this case, we should also abolish prisons, because they don’t seem to deter people from committing crime, and we should also abolish speeding tickets, because regardless of how many are given out, people still continue to speed. B. According to the U.S. Bureau of Criminal Justice Statistics website, in 1960, there were 56 executions in the USA and 9,140 murders. In 1969, there were 31 executions and 14,590 murders, and in 1975, after six years with no executions, the annual murder rate rose to over 23,000. In summary, between 1965 and 1980, the number of annual murders in the United States skyrocketed from 9,960 to 23,040, a 131 percent increase, as the death penalty was less and less enforced. 1.
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