Midterm - 1 Reconstruction changed Southern society in...

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1. “Reconstruction changed Southern society in important but limited ways.” Explain this quote in the framework of what you know about the South, paying particular attention to economic and political developments in both Reconstruction & the time period that followed it. When the North won the civil war in 1865, white supremacy in the south was challenged. Reconstruction brought upon the 13th, 14th, and 15thamendments, which were aimed to give equal rights to African Americans. The passage of the 13thamendment abolished slavery in the United States, thus giving some form of human rights to blacks. 4 million slaves, who were worth 2.5 million dollars, were freed without any compensation. Without slaves white southerners believed the land could not be cultivated, thus they implemented “sharecropping.” Sharecropping began as a form of compromise in which free black men would cultivate and rent a section of land in exchange for the cotton they had grown. Up until the 1880s, sharecropping was done as compromise but as the time passed it soon turned into a form of control. African Americans were no longer slaves but they remained tied to the land of the white owners. During early reconstruction, the North aided African Americans in the form of protection and education. One significant aide was the stationing of soldiers in the south, which were to protect and ensure that the 13th, 14th, and 15thamendments where not violated. The federal government also established The Freedmen’s Bureau, a federal agency aimed to assist African Americans by Providing schools, and general help. With this, African Americas felt some form of hope. Society in the south changed as congressional views of blacks altered from being property to being human and equal as the white man. In general, white southerners wouldn’t come to terms with that believe until many years after. In the south, the goal was to revert to antebellum times, or as similar as possible. African Americans were no longer slaves but the south implemented their own laws that kept black as close to slavery as possible. In 1865 Black codes were established. The codes recognized that slavery was no longer legal, but it did not recognize that blacks were equal to whites or even allowed to vote. As reconstruction continued, northerner support diminished. The period after

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