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1410 Skills Lab Module 6 21-22 Handout.pdf - Surgical...

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1Surgical Asepsis andWound ManagementModule 6Basic Principles ofSurgical AsepsisOnly a sterile object can touch another sterileobjectFollow guidelines for opening sterile packagesAvoid spilling solution on a sterile setupHold sterile objects above waist levelAvoid talking, coughing, reaching over sterilefieldNever turn your back on a sterile fieldBasic Principles of Surgical Asepsis(cont.)Sterilize all items brought in contact with brokenskin or sterile body cavitiesUse dry, sterile forceps when necessaryConsider outer 1 inch of sterile field to becontaminatedWhen in doubt, consider all suspect itemscontaminated
2SkinReview of Anatomy andPhysiologySkin layersEpidermisDermisSubcutaneous tissueFactors Affecting Skin IntegrityDevelopmental ConsiderationsState of HealthWoundsWound ClassificationsIntentional or unintentionalOpen or closedAcute or chronicWound Healing
3Factors Affecting Wound HealingLocal FactorsPressureDesiccationMacerationTraumaEdemaInfectionExcessive bleedingNecrosisBiofilmSystemic FactorsAgeCirculation & oxygenationNutritional statusWound etiologyMedication & health statusImmunosuppressionAdherence to treatment planPressure InjuriesLocalized damage to the skin andunderlying tissue that usually occurs over abony prominence or is related to the use ofa deviceDevelopmentExternal pressureFriction and shearRisks for Pressure InjuryDevelopmentImmobilityNutrition and HydrationMoistureMental StatusAge

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Term
Fall
Professor
Jayne Lobert
Tags
Catheter, Urinary catheterization, Foley catheter

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